Nadia Stefanova

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To this day, the cause of multiple system atrophy (MSA) remains stubbornly enigmatic. A growing body of observations regarding the clinical, morphological, and biochemical phenotypes of MSA has been published, but the interested student is still left without a clue as to its underlying cause. MSA has long been considered a rare cousin of Parkinson's disease(More)
Alpha-synucleinopathies (ASP) are neurodegenerative disorders, characterized by accumulation of misfolded α-synuclein, selective neuronal loss, and extensive gliosis. It is accepted that microgliosis and astrogliosis contribute to the disease progression in ASP. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are expressed on cells of the innate immune system, including glia,(More)
Data on motor behavioural disorders induced by systemic 3-nitropropionic acid, an irreversible inhibitor of mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase and their histopathological correlates in mice, are sparse. We thus further characterised the subacute 3-nitropropionic-acid-induced motor disorder and its time course in C57Bl/6 mice using standard behavioural(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a sporadic and rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder that presents with autonomic failure in combination with parkinsonism or cerebellar ataxia. Over the past 5 years, substantial progress has been achieved in understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. Important insights into the epidemiology and genetics of MSA(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a progressive late onset neurodegenerative α-synucleinopathy with unclear pathogenesis. Recent genetic and pathological studies support a central role of α-synuclein (αSYN) in MSA pathogenesis. Oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions of fibrillar αSYN and dysfunction of the ubiquitin–proteasome system are suggestive of(More)
PURPOSE The receptor tyrosine kinase Axl has recently been identified as a critical element in the invasive properties of glioma cell lines. However, the effect of Axl and its ligand growth arrest--specific gene 6 (Gas6) in human gliomas is still unknown. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Axl and Gas6 expression was studied in 42 fresh-frozen and 79 paraffin-embedded(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate innate immunity, and their dysregulation may play a role in α-synucleinopathies, such as Parkinson's disease or multiple system atrophy (MSA). The aim of this study was to define the role of TLR4 in α-synuclein-linked neurodegeneration. Ablation of TLR4 in a transgenic mouse model of MSA with oligodendroglial α-synuclein(More)
The role of microglial activation in multiple system atrophy (MSA) was investigated in a transgenic mouse model featuring oligodendroglial alpha-synuclein inclusions and loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons by means of histopathology and morphometric analysis. Our findings demonstrate early progressive microglial activation in substantia nigra pars(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare and fatal α-synucleinopathy characterized by a distinctive oligodendrogliopathy with glial cytoplasmic inclusions and associated neuronal multisystem degeneration. The majority of patients presents with a rapidly progressive parkinsonian disorder and atypical features such as early autonomic failure and cerebellar(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal rapidly progressive α-synucleinopathy, characterized by α-synuclein accumulation in oligodendrocytes. It is accepted that the pathological α-synuclein accumulation in the brain of MSA patients plays a leading role in the disease process, but little is known about the events in the early stages of the disease. In this(More)