Nadia Raffaelli

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This review describes the enzymes involved in human pyridine nucleotide metabolism starting with a detailed consideration of their major kinetic, molecular and structural properties. The presentation encompasses all the reactions starting from the de novo pyridine ring formation and leading to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) synthesis and(More)
NAD kinase is the only known enzyme catalyzing the formation of NADP, a coenzyme implicated in most reductive biosynthetic reactions and in many antioxidant defense systems. Despite its importance, nothing is known regarding its structure or mechanism of catalysis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD kinase has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified(More)
The enzyme nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase is an ubiquitous enzyme catalyzing an essential step in NAD (NADP) biosynthetic pathway. In human cells, the nuclear enzyme, which we will now call NMNAT-1, has been the only known enzyme of this type for over 10 years. Here we describe the cloning and expression of a human cDNA encoding a novel(More)
A 1329-base pair clone isolated from a human placenta cDNA library contains a full-length 837-base pair coding region for a 31.9-kDa protein whose deduced primary structure exhibits high homology to consensus sequences found in other NMN adenylyltransferases. Northern blotting detected a major 3.1-kilobase mRNA transcript as well as a minor 4.1-kilobase(More)
The enzyme nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NMNAT), a member of the nucleotidyltransferase alpha/beta phosphodiesterase superfamily, catalyzes the reaction NMN + ATP = NAD + PPi, representing the final step in the biosynthesis of NAD, a molecule playing a fundamental role as a cofactor in cellular redox reactions. NAD also serves as the(More)
BACKGROUND Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) is an essential cofactor involved in fundamental processes in cell metabolism. The enzyme nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NMN AT) plays a key role in NAD(+) biosynthesis, catalysing the condensation of nicotinamide mononucleotide and ATP, and yielding NAD(+) and pyrophosphate. Given its(More)
Beyond its role as an essential coenzyme in numerous oxidoreductase reactions as well as respiration, there is growing recognition that NAD+ fulfills many other vital regulatory functions both as a substrate and as an allosteric effector. This review describes the enzymes involved in pyridine nucleotide metabolism, starting with a detailed consideration of(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, production of adhesion factors and extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) is promoted by the activity of diguanylate cyclases (DGCs), a class of enzymes able to catalyse the synthesis of the signal molecule bis-(3',5')-cyclic di-guanylic acid (c-di-GMP). In this report we show that in Escherichia coli, overexpression of the YddV(More)
A novel protein factor, named PcF, has been isolated from the culture filtrate of Phytophthora cactorum strain P381 using a highly sensitive leaf necrosis bioassay with tomato seedlings. Isolated PcF protein alone induced leaf necrosis on its host strawberry plant. The primary structure and cDNA sequence of this novel phytotoxic protein was determined, and(More)
2-amino 3-carboxymuconate 6-semialdehyde decarboxylase (ACMSD, EC plays a key role in tryptophan catabolism. By diverting 2-amino 3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde from quinolinate production, the enzyme regulates NAD biosynthesis from the amino acid, directly affecting quinolinate and picolinate formation. ACMSD is therefore an attractive(More)