Nadia R. Azar

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The concept of aging successfully has become increasingly important as demographics shift towards an aging population. Successful aging has been defined to include (1) a low probability of disease and disease-related disability; (2) a high level of physical and cognitive functioning; and (3) an active engagement in life. The built environment can create(More)
BACKGROUND In order to obtain a complete understanding of the etiology of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders, a spectrum of risk factors needs to be evaluated, within and external to the workplace. To date, cumulative shoulder loads (forces and moments) have only been documented during automotive assembly tasks. No information on shoulder loads(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the response of cervical muscles to physiologic tensile stretch of cervical facet joint capsule (FJC) at a quasi-static displacement rate of 0.5mm/s. In vivo caprine left C5-C6 FJC preparations were subjected to an incremental tensile displacement paradigm. EMG activity was recorded during FJC stretch from the right(More)
This study examined the cervical muscle response to physiologic, high-rate (100 mm/s) tensile facet joint capsule (FJC) stretch. Six in-vivo caprine C5/6 FJC preparations were subjected to an incremental tensile loading paradigm. EMG activity was recorded from the right trapezius (TR) and multifidus (MF) muscle groups at the C5 and C6 levels; and from the(More)
BACKGROUND Sitting is a commonly adopted posture during work and prolonged exposures may have detrimental effects. Little attention has been paid to the thoracic spine and/or multiple axes of motion during prolonged sitting. Accordingly, this study examined three-dimensional motion and muscle activity of the trunk during two hours of uninterrupted sitting.(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous work from our group has identified extensive ligamento-muscular reflex pathways between the cervical facet joint capsule (FJC) and the superficial and deep cervical paraspinal musculature, both ipsilateral and contralateral to the stretched FJC, which were activated by physiologic low-rate (0.5 mm/s) [1] and high-rate (100 mm/s) [2](More)
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