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We have evaluated the effects of hydroxytyrosol (HT), a potent antioxidant present in olive oil, on the formation of arachidonic acid 5-lipoxygenase metabolites by leukocytes in vitro. HT, a simple phenolic compound, extracted from first-pressure oil, was isolated by HPLC and characterized by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. HT inhibited in a(More)
Sialidases remove sialic acid residues from various sialo-derivatives. To gain further insights into the biological roles of sialidases in vertebrates, we exploited zebrafish (Danio rerio) as an animal model. A zebrafish transcriptome- and genome-wide search using the sequences of the human NEU polypeptides as templates revealed the presence of seven(More)
This study was designed to investigate the in vitro effects of phenolic compounds extracted from olive oil and from olive derived fractions. More specifically, we investigated the effects on platelets of 2-(3,4-di-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanol (DHPE), a phenol component of extra-virgin olive oil with potent antioxidant properties. The following variables were(More)
We describe herein the enzyme behavior of MmNEU3, the plasma membrane-associated sialidase from mouse (Mus musculus). MmNEU3 is localized at the plasma membrane as demonstrated directly by confocal microscopy analysis. In addition, administration of the radiolabeled ganglioside GD1a to MmNEU3-transfected cells, under conditions that prevent lysosomal(More)
Several mammalian sialidases have been described so far, suggesting the existence of numerous polypeptides with different tissue distributions, subcellular localizations and substrate specificities. Among these enzymes, plasma-membrane-associated sialidase(s) have a pivotal role in modulating the ganglioside content of the lipid bilayer, suggesting their(More)
Stem cells hold a great potential for the regeneration of damaged tissues in cardiovascular or musculoskeletal diseases. Unfortunately, problems such as limited availability, control of cell fate, and allograft rejection need to be addressed before therapeutic applications may become feasible. Generation of multipotent progenitors from adult differentiated(More)
Adenosine plays an important role in cerebral ischemia by acting on its own receptors, in particular the A(2A)receptor. Its activation leads to excitatory amino acid release thus contributing to the ischemic damage. Blockade by specific antagonists may protect against cytotoxic injury. Our study was aimed to investigate the effect of the blockade of(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3) was present in low concentrations in a primary culture of rat brain astroglial cells, when compared to brain cortex. We have thus supplemented these cells with this fatty acid and investigated the effects of its incorporation in cell phospholipids on the conversion of arachidonic acid, 20:4 n-6, through the cyclo and(More)
Several mammalian sialidases have been cloned so far and here we describe the identification and expression of a new member of the human sialidase gene family. The NEU4 gene, identified by searching sequence databases for entries showing homologies to the human cytosolic sialidase NEU2, maps in 2q37 and encodes a 484-residue protein. The polypeptide(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia is a hematopoietic stem cell cancer, originated by the perpetually "switched on" activity of the tyrosine kinase Bcr-Abl, leading to uncontrolled proliferation and insensitivity to apoptotic stimuli. The genetic phenotype of myeloid leukemic K562 cells includes the suppression of cytosolic sialidase Neu2. Neu2 transfection in K562(More)