Nadia Papini

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The effects of one year's feeding with diets enriched either in highly unsaturated fatty acids of the w3 series (w3 HUFA) (fish oil-supplemented diet, FOD) or in saturated fatty acids (SFA) (coconut oil-supplemented diet, COD) on fatty acid composition of tissue lipids, on patterns of resting oxygen consumption and on responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia(More)
We describe herein the enzyme behavior of MmNEU3, the plasma membrane-associated sialidase from mouse (Mus musculus). MmNEU3 is localized at the plasma membrane as demonstrated directly by confocal microscopy analysis. In addition, administration of the radiolabeled ganglioside GD1a to MmNEU3-transfected cells, under conditions that prevent lysosomal(More)
Several mammalian sialidases have been described so far, suggesting the existence of numerous polypeptides with different tissue distributions, subcellular localizations and substrate specificities. Among these enzymes, plasma-membrane-associated sialidase(s) have a pivotal role in modulating the ganglioside content of the lipid bilayer, suggesting their(More)
Several mammalian sialidases have been cloned so far and here we describe the identification and expression of a new member of the human sialidase gene family. The NEU4 gene, identified by searching sequence databases for entries showing homologies to the human cytosolic sialidase NEU2, maps in 2q37 and encodes a 484-residue protein. The polypeptide(More)
In chronic myeloid leukemia K562 cells, differentiation is also blocked because of low levels of ganglioside GM3, derived by the high expression of sialidase Neu3 active on GM3. In this article, we studied the effects of Neu3 silencing (40-70% and 63-93% decrease in protein content and activity, respectively) in these cells. The effects were as follows: (a)(More)
This study was designed to investigate the in vitro effects of phenolic compounds extracted from olive oil and from olive derived fractions. More specifically, we investigated the effects on platelets of 2-(3,4-di-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanol (DHPE), a phenol component of extra-virgin olive oil with potent antioxidant properties. The following variables were(More)
Recombinant human cytosolic sialidase (HsNEU2), expressed in Escherichia coli, was purified to homogeneity, and its substrate specificity was studied. HsNEU2 hydrolyzed 4-methylumbelliferyl alpha-NeuAc, alpha 2-->3 sialyllactose, glycoproteins (fetuin, alpha-acid glycoprotein, transferrin, and bovine submaxillary gland mucin), micellar gangliosides GD1a,(More)
The human plasma membrane sialidase NEU3 is a key enzyme in the catabolism of membrane gangliosides, is crucial in the regulation of cell surface processes, and has been demonstrated to be significantly up-regulated in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). In this report, we show that NEU3 regulates β1 integrin trafficking in RCC cells by controlling β1 integrin(More)
Removal of sialic acid from glycoconjugates on the surface of monocytes enhances their response to bacterial LPS. We tested the hypothesis that endogenous sialidase activity creates a permissive state for LPS-induced cytokine production in human monocyte-derived DCs. Of the four genetically distinct sialidases (Neu1-4), Neu1, Neu3, and Neu4 are expressed in(More)
Sialidases remove sialic acid residues from various sialo-derivatives. To gain further insights into the biological roles of sialidases in vertebrates, we exploited zebrafish (Danio rerio) as an animal model. A zebrafish transcriptome- and genome-wide search using the sequences of the human NEU polypeptides as templates revealed the presence of seven(More)