Nadia Papini

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Adenosine plays an important role in cerebral ischemia by acting on its own receptors, in particular the A(2A)receptor. Its activation leads to excitatory amino acid release thus contributing to the ischemic damage. Blockade by specific antagonists may protect against cytotoxic injury. Our study was aimed to investigate the effect of the blockade of(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia is a hematopoietic stem cell cancer, originated by the perpetually "switched on" activity of the tyrosine kinase Bcr-Abl, leading to uncontrolled proliferation and insensitivity to apoptotic stimuli. The genetic phenotype of myeloid leukemic K562 cells includes the suppression of cytosolic sialidase Neu2. Neu2 transfection in K562(More)
We observed that retinoic acid, which differentiates the human neuroblastoma SK-N-BE into mature neurons, induced an elevation in levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6). This effect was not induced by phorbol myristate acetate, another differentiating agent. We then explored the effects of retinoic acid on the(More)
The beta-oxidation of [3H] arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4 n-6) and the conversion of [1-14C]eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5 n-3) to docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 n-3) have been studied in skin fibroblasts from patients with inherited peroxisomal diseases, such as Zellweger (ZW) and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), from patients with Alzheimer's disease(More)
The family of mammalian sialidases is composed of four distinct versatile enzymes that remove negatively charged terminal sialic acid residues from gangliosides and glycoproteins in different subcellular areas and organelles, including lysosomes, cytosol, plasma membrane and mitochondria. In this review we summarize the growing body of data describing the(More)
The effects of different concentrations of exogenous platelet-activating factor (PAF) on the formation of arachidonic acid-cyclooxygenase metabolites and on the production of inositol phosphates have been investigated in a primary culture of rat astroglial cells. The cells were used at confluence and the purity was checked by immunostaining of the culture(More)
Hypoxia-hypoglycemia has played an important role in inducing both phospholipase A2 activation and the expression of the early gene c-fos, in the neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-BE, after it has been differentiated by retinoic acid. Under hypoxic-hypoglycemic conditions, arachidonic acid release has found to be significant after 30 min, whereas c-fos(More)
Lipid rafts are known to regulate several membrane functions such as signaling, trafficking and cellular adhesion. The local enrichment in sphingolipids and cholesterol together with the low protein content allows their separation by density gradient flotation after extraction with non-ionic detergent at low temperature. These structures are also referred(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3) was present in low concentrations in a primary culture of rat brain astroglial cells, when compared to brain cortex. We have thus supplemented these cells with this fatty acid and investigated the effects of its incorporation in cell phospholipids on the conversion of arachidonic acid, 20:4 n-6, through the cyclo and(More)
Testosterone metabolites (dihydrotestosterone, DHT) and 5 alpha-androstan-3 alpha,17 beta-diol (3 alpha-diol), but not testosterone itself, were shown to reduce the levels of very long chain fatty acids which accumulate in cultured skin fibroblasts from X-adrenoleukodystrophic patients (X-ALD). In addition, in X-ALD fibroblasts, testosterone is less(More)