Learn More
We describe herein the enzyme behavior of MmNEU3, the plasma membrane-associated sialidase from mouse (Mus musculus). MmNEU3 is localized at the plasma membrane as demonstrated directly by confocal microscopy analysis. In addition, administration of the radiolabeled ganglioside GD1a to MmNEU3-transfected cells, under conditions that prevent lysosomal(More)
Several mammalian sialidases have been cloned so far and here we describe the identification and expression of a new member of the human sialidase gene family. The NEU4 gene, identified by searching sequence databases for entries showing homologies to the human cytosolic sialidase NEU2, maps in 2q37 and encodes a 484-residue protein. The polypeptide(More)
Sialidases remove sialic acid residues from various sialo-derivatives. To gain further insights into the biological roles of sialidases in vertebrates, we exploited zebrafish (Danio rerio) as an animal model. A zebrafish transcriptome- and genome-wide search using the sequences of the human NEU polypeptides as templates revealed the presence of seven(More)
We have evaluated the effects of hydroxytyrosol (HT), a potent antioxidant present in olive oil, on the formation of arachidonic acid 5-lipoxygenase metabolites by leukocytes in vitro. HT, a simple phenolic compound, extracted from first-pressure oil, was isolated by HPLC and characterized by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. HT inhibited in a(More)
This study was designed to investigate the in vitro effects of phenolic compounds extracted from olive oil and from olive derived fractions. More specifically, we investigated the effects on platelets of 2-(3,4-di-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanol (DHPE), a phenol component of extra-virgin olive oil with potent antioxidant properties. The following variables were(More)
Several mammalian sialidases have been described so far, suggesting the existence of numerous polypeptides with different tissue distributions, subcellular localizations and substrate specificities. Among these enzymes, plasma-membrane-associated sialidase(s) have a pivotal role in modulating the ganglioside content of the lipid bilayer, suggesting their(More)
Recombinant human cytosolic sialidase (HsNEU2), expressed in Escherichia coli, was purified to homogeneity, and its substrate specificity was studied. HsNEU2 hydrolyzed 4-methylumbelliferyl alpha-NeuAc, alpha 2-->3 sialyllactose, glycoproteins (fetuin, alpha-acid glycoprotein, transferrin, and bovine submaxillary gland mucin), micellar gangliosides GD1a,(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia is a hematopoietic stem cell cancer, originated by the perpetually "switched on" activity of the tyrosine kinase Bcr-Abl, leading to uncontrolled proliferation and insensitivity to apoptotic stimuli. The genetic phenotype of myeloid leukemic K562 cells includes the suppression of cytosolic sialidase Neu2. Neu2 transfection in K562(More)
Stem cells hold a great potential for the regeneration of damaged tissues in cardiovascular or musculoskeletal diseases. Unfortunately, problems such as limited availability, control of cell fate, and allograft rejection need to be addressed before therapeutic applications may become feasible. Generation of multipotent progenitors from adult differentiated(More)
In chronic myeloid leukemia K562 cells, differentiation is also blocked because of low levels of ganglioside GM3, derived by the high expression of sialidase Neu3 active on GM3. In this article, we studied the effects of Neu3 silencing (40-70% and 63-93% decrease in protein content and activity, respectively) in these cells. The effects were as follows: (a)(More)