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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Ferroportin-1 (FPN1) is expressed in various types of cells that play critical roles in mammalian iron metabolism and appears to act as an iron exporter in these tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate whether erythroid cells possess specific mechanisms for iron export. DESIGN AND METHODS The expression of FPN1 during(More)
Transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2) possesses a YQRV motif similar to the YTRF motif of transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) responsible for the internalization and secretion through the endosomal pathway. Raft biochemical dissection showed that TfR2 is a component of the low-density Triton-insoluble (LDTI) plasma membrane domain, able to co-immunoprecipitate with(More)
We have evaluated the expression of growth factor receptors (GFRs) on early hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) purified from human adult peripheral blood and induced in liquid suspension culture to unilineage differentiation/maturation through the erythroid (E), granulocytic (G), megakaryocytic (Mk), or monocytic (Mo) lineage. The receptors for basic(More)
Different proteins ensure the fine control of iron metabolism at the level of various tissues. Among these proteins, it was discovered a second transferrin receptor (TfR2), that seems to play a key role in the regulation of iron homeostasis. Its mutations are responsible for type 3 hemochromatosis (Type 3 HH). Although TfR2 expression in normal tissues was(More)
The programmed activation/repression of transcription factors in early hematopoietic differentiation has not yet been explored. The DNA-binding protein GATA-1 is required for normal erythroid development and regulates erythroid-expressed genes in maturing erythroblasts. We analyzed GATA-1 expression in early human adult hematopoiesis by using an in vitro(More)
Human TFR2 (transferrin receptor 2) is a membrane-bound protein homologous with TFR1. High levels of TFR2 mRNA were found mainly in the liver and, to a lesser extent, in erythroid precursors. However, although the presence of the TFR2 protein in hepatic cells has been confirmed in several studies, evidence is lacking about the presence of the TFR2 protein(More)
The structure and the expression of 11 cellular oncogenes (protooncogenes) were analyzed in primary cells from 20 acute lymphocytic (ALL) and 31 acute myelogenous (AML) leukemia patients. Neoplastic cells, obtained prior to initiation of therapy, were purified and classified, on the basis of both surface antigen pattern and morphology, into pre-B, B, and T(More)
We evaluated the effect of IFN-beta on the expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) during the in vitro differentiation of peripheral blood monocytes to macrophages. IFN-beta exerted a strong inhibitory effect on the expression of TfR. As little as 0.1 IU/ml was sufficient to induce a 40% reduction of transferrin (Tf) binding sites on 7-day cultured(More)
We have investigated the expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) iron regulatory protein-1 (IRP-1) and iron regulatory protein-2 (IRP-2) in liquid suspension culture of purified hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) induced by a growth factor stimulus to proliferation and unilineage differentiation/maturation through the erythroid, granulocytic, monocytic(More)
We have analyzed the RNA expression of three protein kinase C (PKC) genes (alpha, beta, and gamma) in human and murine central nervous systems during embryonic-fetal, perinatal, and adult life. Analysis of human brain poly(A)+ RNA indicates that expression of PKC alpha and beta genes can be detected as early as 6 weeks postconception, undergoes a gradual(More)