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OBJECTIVE Free radical production has been reported to be increased in diabetic patients and to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. In this study, a standardized meal was administered to 10 type 2 diabetic patients and 10 healthy matched normal subjects to evaluate its effects on plasma oxidative stress generation. RESEARCH DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Free radical production has been reported to be increased in patients with diabetes mellitus, and it has been suggested that hyperglycaemia may directly contribute to the generation of oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an acute increase in glycaemia on plasma antioxidant defences. RESULTS During the(More)
Oxidative stress and its contribution to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation have been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular diabetic complications. However, the relationship between hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperlipidemia, and oxidative stress is still debated. If plasma glucose and/or insulin and/or lipid are some of the most important(More)
Blood levels of the circulating form of the integrin intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), malondialdehyde (MDA), and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were studied at baseline and 3 months after improved metabolic control in 25 type II diabetic patients without signs of macroangiopathy, and were compared with those in 15 matched healthy normal controls.(More)
OBJECTIVE The existence of an oxidative stress in diabetes is still debated. This is largely due to the lack of good tools to assay the level of oxidative stress. The use of total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) has recently been proposed to explore the antioxidant property of a plasma sample. TRAP may be either directly measured by a(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the hypothesis that a relationship exists between free radical activity and abnormalities in hemostasis in NIDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The use of the total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) has very recently been proposed to explore the antioxidant property of a plasma and their mutual cooperation. In the present(More)
Retinol (ROH) is an essential micronutrient required for normal fetal development and an essential molecule for antioxidant processes. To investigate the putative role of ROH as a marker of preeclampsia in early second trimester amniotic fluid (AF). Case–control study comparing the concentration of ROH and other antioxidants such as uric acid, vitamin E and(More)
The authors measured immunoenzymatically circulating intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (cICAM-1) concentration in 135 patients with liver disease of either viral or toxic etiology: 13 had acute hepatitis; 58 had mild chronic liver disease; and 64 had cirrhosis (superimposed in 30 by hepatocellular carcinoma). Forty patients with extrahepatic diseases (19(More)
OBJECTIVES To verify the diagnostic usefulness of soluble CD44 (sCD44) in liver diseases. METHODS We studied 142 subjects (90 male, 52 female): 14 had acute hepatitis (AH); 45, noncirrhotic chronic liver disease (CLD); 34, cirrhosis; 35 had extrahepatic diseases (EHD); and 14 were healthy controls. sCD44, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1(More)
OBJECTIVE In normal pregnancies, a hypoxic intrauterine environment seems necessary for early trophoblast development. In this context, maternal serum levels of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) are elevated, reflecting the oxidative stress associated with placental development. The aim of this study was to evaluate IMA and pregnancy-associated plasma protein(More)