Nadia Badrawi

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BACKGROUND Rates of sepsis exceeding 50% in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Cairo, Egypt, were not controlled by routine antimicrobial therapy. We investigated these conditions in September 2001. METHODS Case series and retrospective cohort studies were conducted on 2 groups of NICU infants admitted to an academic medical center between February(More)
OBJECTIVE Amplitude integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) has been used in neonates in various clinical and research applications. We hypothesized that an abnormal aEEG score could be used as a predictor of short-term adverse outcome. METHODS Very low birth weight infants were enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study. Two channel 12-hour(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the use oral ibuprofen suspension (OIS) in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants. Premature infants (</= 35 weeks) age 2 to 7 days who suffered from respiratory distress and had been diagnosed with PDA were included in this study. Color Doppler echocardiography(More)
BACKGROUND Because the therapeutic options for managing infections in neonates in developing countries are often limited, innovative approaches to preventing infections are needed. Topical therapy with skin barrier-enhancing products may be an effective strategy for improving neonatal outcomes, particularly among preterm, low birth weight infants whose skin(More)
Objective:Hypoxia-ischemia is the leading cause of neurological handicaps in newborns worldwide. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) collected from fresh cord blood of asphyxiated newborns have the potential to regenerate damaged neural tissues. The aim of this study was to examine the capacity for MSCs to differentiate into neural tissue that could subsequently(More)
A random sample of 457 neonates was prospectively studied in order to identify the incidence, common types, and risk factors for arrhythmias in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A 12-lead EKG was studied in all neonates (n = 457). A total of 139 Holter studies was done in every fourth baby with a normal EKG (n = 100) and in all babies with an(More)
BACKGROUND:Thrombopoietin (TPO) is a growth factor that controls platelet production. Despite the known association of chronic hypoxia and acute asphyxia with hematologic changes, TPO had not been studied in neonatal asphyxia.OBJECTIVE:To assess TPO concentrations in the serum of asphyxiated and nonasphyxiated neonates, and examine any correlation with the(More)
Central nervous system manifestations are common in infants suffering from protein energy malnutrition. Computed tomography was used to search for pathology in the brain that might explain these symptoms. Subjects were 40 infants with protein malnutrition. All had mental symptoms. The bifrontal index was taken as the best parameter for measuring central(More)
Twenty-two normal preterm and 10 full-term infants were studied by cranial computed tomography. The study included correlation of the gestational age and birth weight to the ventricular size, brain size, and the area of the sylvian fissure. The most relevant parameters were the bifrontal diameter, bifrontal index, and the transverse diameter of the brain.(More)
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