Nadia Badawi

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Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) is the clinical manifestation of disordered neonatal brain function. Lack of universal agreed definitions of NE and the sub-group with hypoxic-ischaemia (HIE) makes the estimation of incidence and the identification of risk factors problematic. NE incidence is estimated as 3.0 per 1000 live births (95%CI 2.7 to 3.3) and for HIE(More)
BACKGROUND The aetiology of preterm birth is complex and there is evidence that subclinical genital tract infection influences preterm labour in some women but the role of prophylactic antibiotic treatment in the management of preterm labour is controversial. Since rupture of the membranes is an important factor in the progression of preterm labour, it is(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain antepartum predictors of newborn encephalopathy in term infants. DESIGN Population based, unmatched case-control study. SETTING Metropolitan area of Western Australia, June 1993 to September 1995. SUBJECTS All 164 term infants with moderate or severe newborn encephalopathy; 400 randomly selected controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term of convenience applied to a group of motor disorders of central origin defined by clinical description. It is not a diagnosis in that its application infers nothing about pathology, aetiology, or prognosis. It is an umbrella term covering a wide range of cerebral disorders which result in childhood motor impairment. The precise(More)
We reviewed 20 years (from 1972 to 1992) of screening for galactosaemia in Ireland. We looked at a small group of 32 patients followed up in the same centre since diagnosis. 1.2 million babies have been screened with 55 cases of classical galactosaemia and 7 Duarte Variants being detected. The frequency is thus, 1:23,000 and is increased among itinerants to(More)
OBJECTIVE Preliminary investigation of the contribution of adverse antepartum and intrapartum factors to neonatal encephalopathy in singleton neonates born full term. DESIGN Matched case-control study based on incidence density sampling of controls. SETTING Two major teaching hospitals (one paediatric and one obstetric) and three peripheral maternity(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review in order to identify the risk factors for cerebral palsy (CP) in children born at term. The secondary aim was to ascertain if the potential for prevention of these risk factors has been adequately explored. METHOD A MEDLINE search up to 31 July 2011 was completed, following the Meta-Analysis of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to describe the incidence, epidemiology, and survival of infants with small bowel atresia/stenosis in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. METHODS A population-based cohort study was conducted of infants diagnosed with small bowel atresia/stenosis in NSW and the ACT from 1992 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify intrapartum predictors of newborn encephalopathy in term infants. DESIGN Population based, unmatched case-control study. SETTING Metropolitan area of Western Australia, June 1993 to September 1995. SUBJECTS All 164 term infants with moderate or severe newborn encephalopathy; 400 randomly selected controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the proportion of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA detected retrospectively in their newborn screening cards (NBSC), to compare the proportion of children with CMV DNA in their NBSC across spastic subtypes of CP, and to compare the sex and other characteristics of children with CP and CMV detected on(More)