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Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Solanaceae), also known as ashwagandha, is an important medicinal plant that is widely used as a home remedy for several diseases in the Indian subcontinent and other parts of the world. W. somnifera is a dietary supplement composed of various nutrients, polyphenols and alkaloids that have free radical scavenging capacity, as(More)
We investigated the protective role of Withania somnifera leaf extract (WSLEt) on isoproterenol- (ISO-) induced myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Subcutaneous injection of ISO (85 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) administered to rats for two consecutive days caused a significant increase in cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels and serum lipid profiles, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND Withania somnifera is an important medicinal plant traditionally used in the treatment of many diseases. The present study was carried out to characterize the phenolic acids, flavonoids and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging activities in methanolic extracts of W. somnifera fruits, roots and leaves (WSFEt, WSREt and WSLEt).(More)
BACKGROUND Withania somnifera, also known as ashwagandha, is an important herb in ayurvedic and indigenous medical systems. The present study was designed to evaluate the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of an 80% aqueous methanolic extract of W. somnifera roots (WSREt), fruits (WSFEt) and leaves (WSLEt). METHODS Several assays were performed to(More)
Two starchy substrates like pumpkin and cane molasses were selected for citric acid fermentation by using gamma ray induced mutant strains of 14/20 and 79/20 of A. niger under surface culture condition. Citric acid production was also different with various fermentation media by A. niger 14/20 and 79/20 strains. It was found to increase with the increase of(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of evaporation, gamma irradiation and temperature on the total polyphenols, flavonoids and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging activities of Tualang honey samples (n = 14) following storage over three, six or twelve months. The mean polyphenol concentrations of the six gamma irradiated(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effects of Sundarban honey (SH) in rats with isoproterenol- (ISO-) induced myocardial infarction. Adult male Wistar Albino rats were pretreated with Sundarban honey (5 g/kg) daily for a period of 6 weeks. After the treatment period, ISO (85 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected into the rats at(More)
A Novel hybrid segmentation method has been developed for detection of masses in digitized mammograms using three parallel approaches: adaptive thresholding method, Gabor filtering and fuzzy entropy feature as a computer-aided detection(CAD) scheme. The algorithm consists of the following steps: a) Preprocessing of the digitized mammograms including(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common endocrine metabolic disorders. In addition to exercise and diet, oral anti-diabetic drugs have been used as a part of the management strategy worldwide. Unfortunately, none of the conventional anti-diabetic drugs are without side effects, and these drugs pose an economic burden. Therefore, the investigation(More)
Solid state fermentaton using cellulolytic fungus, Pleurotus sajor-caju with pretreatment of irradiation and lime for upgradation of four agro-wastes such as pulse husk, rice bran, wheat bran and sugarcane bagasse to animal feed were investigated. The fermentation of the substrates was done at 30°C. Total bacteria and fungi were reduced effectively by 10(More)