Nadezhda Fefelova

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Maize Helitron transposons are intriguing because of their notable ability to capture gene fragments and move them around the genome. To document more extensively their variability and their contribution to the remarkable genome structure variation of present-day maize, we have analyzed their composition, copy number, timing of insertion, and chromosomal(More)
Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors significantly reduce the incidence of arrhythmias. However, the underlying mechanism(s) is not well understood. We aim to test the hypothesis that angiotensin II (Ang II) induces early afterdepolarizations (EADs) and triggered activities (TAs) via the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)(More)
Early afterdepolarizations (EADs) have been implicated in severe cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac deaths. However, the mechanism(s) for EAD genesis, especially regarding the relative contribution of Ca(2+) wave (CaW) vs. L-type Ca current (I(Ca,L)), still remains controversial. In the present study, we simultaneously recorded action potentials (APs)(More)
AIMS The transient outward potassium current (I(to)) plays important roles in action potential (AP) morphology and dynamics; however, its role in the genesis of early afterdepolarizations (EADs) is not well understood. We aimed to study the effects and mechanisms of I(to) on EAD genesis in cardiac cells using combined experimental and computational(More)
AIMS Improving the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) function has clinical implications in treating heart failure. The present study aimed to determine the effect of constitutive activation of the SERCA pump on cardiac contractility in normal mice and during pressure-overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS The SERCA(More)
Inhibition of β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signaling is one of the most common therapeutic approaches for patients with arrhythmias. Adenylyl cyclase (AC) is the key enzyme responsible for transducing β-AR stimulation to increases in cAMP. The two major AC isoforms in the heart are types 5 and 6. Therefore, it is surprising that prior studies on(More)
Accumulating evidence has suggested that ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFAs) may have beneficial effects in the prevention/treatment of cardiovascular diseases, while controversies still remain regarding their anti-arrhythmic potential. It is not clear yet whether ω-3-PUFAs can suppress early afterdepolarizations (EADs) induced by oxidative stress. In(More)
Recent studies have suggested that mitochondria may play important roles in the Ca(2+) homeostasis of cardiac myocytes. However, it is still unclear if mitochondrial Ca(2+) flux can regulate the generation of Ca(2+) waves (CaWs) and triggered activities in cardiac myocytes. In the present study, intracellular/cytosolic Ca(2+) (Cai (2+)) was imaged in(More)
3,4,5-Trimethoxycinnamic acid (TMCA), methyl 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamate (M-TMCA) and p-methoxycinnamic acid (PMCA) have been identified as the major bioactive components in the serum collected from rats treated with oral administration of Polygalae Radix ("YuanZhi," the roots of Polygala tenuifolia WILLD.), a traditional Chinese medicine used to relieve(More)
In the present study, we have used a genetic mouse model that lacks cyclophilin D (CypD KO) to assess the cardioprotective effect of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) inhibition on Ca2+ waves and Ca2+ alternans at the single cell level, and cardiac arrhythmias in whole-heart preparations. The protonophore carbonyl cyanide(More)