Nadezhda E. Ustyuzhanina

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The anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic, anticoagulant, and antiadhesive properties of fucoidans obtained from nine species of brown algae were studied in order to examine the influence of fucoidan origin and composition on their biological activities. All fucoidans inhibited leucocyte recruitment in an inflammation model in rats, and neither the content of(More)
Sulfated polysaccharides of brown algae (fucoidans) attract great attention due to their high and strongly diversified biological activity. This review summarizes recent data on the structural variability of these polysaccharides and reports their anti- and proangiogenic properties. Recent publications have revealed that fucoidans isolated from different(More)
Sulfated polysaccharides from Laminaria saccharina (new name: Saccharina latissima) brown seaweed show promising activity for the treatment of inflammation, thrombosis, and cancer; yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these properties remain poorly understood. The aim of this work was to characterize, using in vitro and in vivo strategies, the(More)
A fucosylated chondroitin sulfate MM was isolated from the sea cucumber Massinium magnum. Structure of this polysaccharide was determined using chemical and NMR spectroscopic methods. The backbone of MM was shown to consist mainly of chondroitin sulfate E units with a small portion (about 10%) of chondroitin sulfate A fragments. Practically one type of(More)
A fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (FCS) was isolated from the body wall of Pacific sea cucumber Cucumaria japonicaby extraction in the presence of papain followed by Cetavlon precipitation and anion-exchange chromatography. FCS was shown to contain D-GalNAc, D-GlcA, L-Fuc and sulfate in molar proportions of about 1:1:1:4.5. Structure of FCS was elucidated(More)
A series of selectively sulfated di- and trisaccharide derivatives corresponding to the potential fragments of fucoidans with a α-(1 → 2)-linked fucobioside unit were synthesized and studied by 1Н and 13C NMR spectroscopy. NOE experiments and molecular modeling were used for a conformational analysis of the compounds synthesized. In the case of(More)
Two samples of fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (FCS), AJ and AM, were isolated from holothurian species Apostichopus japonicus and Actinopyga mauritiana, respectively. Purification of FCS was performed by ion exchange chromatography followed by gel filtration. Structure of the biopolymers was elucidated using chemical and NMR spectroscopic methods. Both(More)
The synthesis of per-O-sulfated derivatives of di-, tetra-, hexa-, octa-, dodeca-, and hexadecafucosides related to natural fucoidans of different types has been performed with the use of previously reported acid-promoted protocol for per-O-sulfation of polyols by SO(3) complexes. During the treatment of (1→3)-linked oligofucosides under these conditions(More)
Three structurally different fucoidans from the brown seaweeds Saccharina latissima (SL), Fucus vesiculosus (FV), and Cladosiphon okamuranus (CO), two chemically modified fucoidans with a higher degree of sulfation (SL-S, CO-S), and a synthetic totally sulfated octasaccharide (OS), related to fucoidans, were assessed on anticoagulant and antithrombotic(More)
Selectively and totally sulfated (1 → 3)-linked linear homofucans bearing ∼ 20 monosaccharide residues on average have been prepared from the branched xylofucan sulfate isolated from the brown alga Punctaria plantaginea. Anticoagulant and antithrombotic properties of the parent biopolymer and its derivatives were assessed in vitro. Highly sulfated linear(More)