Nadezda Koleganova

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In humans, low glomerular numbers are related to hypertension, cardiovascular, and renal disease in adult life. The present study was designed 1) to explore whether above- or below-normal dietary salt intake during pregnancy influences nephron number and blood pressure in the offspring and 2) to identify potential mechanisms in kidney development modified(More)
Impaired intrauterine nephrogenesis—most clearly illustrated by low nephron number—is frequently associated with low birthweight and has been recognized as a powerful risk factor for renal disease; it increases the risks of low glomerular filtration rate, of more rapid progression of primary kidney disease, and of increased incidence of chronic kidney(More)
Renal insufficiency increases cardiovascular risk, accelerates atherogenesis, and causes vascular wall remodeling. Here we evaluated the effect of the calcimimetic R-568 and non-hypercalcemic doses of calcitriol on vascular structure. Subtotal nephrectomy was produced in Sprague-Dawley rats followed by treatment with R-568, calcitriol, or vehicle for 12(More)
Despite an only minor reduction in the glomerular filtration rate, uninephrectomy (UNX) markedly accelerates the rate of growth of atherosclerotic plaques in ApoE-/- mice. It has been suggested that vitamin D receptor (VDR) activation exerts an antiproliferative effect on vascular smooth muscle cells, but the side effects may limit its use. To assess a(More)
PURPOSE The difference in ultimate strength between the quadriceps and patellar tendon could be reflected by different morphologic features. METHODS Standardized samples of quadriceps and patellar tendons were harvested from 20 cadavers and were investigated via light and electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and morphometry. The thickness of(More)
BACKGROUND High salt intake causes hypertension, adverse cardiovascular outcomes and potentially also blood pressure (BP)-independent target organ damage. Excess salt intake in pregnancy is known to affect BP in the offspring. The present study was designed to assess whether high salt intake in pregnancy affects BP and vascular morphology in the offspring.(More)
INTRODUCTION Growth hormone (GH) is responsible for longitudinal bone growth. GH-receptor in the growth plate was found to be decreased in chronic renal insufficiency. A therapeutic use of GH in chronic renal insufficiency is not established. The current study aims to clarify the effects of GH treatment on bone metabolism in a uremic rat model. METHODS(More)
In patients with chronic renal failure, the heart undergoes remodeling, characterized by hypertrophy, fibrosis, and capillary/myocyte mismatch. In this study, we observed the effects of the calcimimetic agent R-568 on microvascular disease and interstitial fibrosis of the heart. Three-month-old male Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized to subtotal(More)
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that women have a significantly better prognosis in chronic renal diseases compared to men. This suggests critical influences of gender hormones on glomerular structure and function. We examined potential direct protective effects of estradiol on podocytes. METHODS Expression of estrogen receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Remodelling of the heart, characterized by hypertrophy, fibrosis and capillary/myocyte mismatch, is observed in patients with chronic renal failure. Low vitamin D levels have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In the present experimental study, we studied the effects of non-hypercalcaemic doses of calcitriol on microvascular(More)