Nader M. Habashi

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BACKGROUND Femoral shaft fractures are associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The idea that primary intramedullary nailing increases the incidence of ARDS has theoretical support. Our approach to treating femoral fractures in patients with multiple traumatic injuries is to perform reamed nailing after adequate resuscitation has been(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the use of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) in the treatment of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome. DATA SOURCE Published animal studies, human studies, and review articles of APRV. DATA SUMMARY APRV has been successfully used in neonatal, pediatric, and adult forms of respiratory failure. Experimental(More)
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is a relatively new mode of ventilation, that only became commercially available in the United States in the mid-1990s. Airway pressure release ventilation produces tidal ventilation using a method that differs from any other mode. It uses a release of airway pressure from an elevated baseline to simulate(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) afflicts 200,000 patients annually with a mortality rate of 30% to 60% despite wide use of low tidal volume (LTV) ventilation, the present standard of care. High-permeability alveolar edema and instability occur early in the development of ARDS, before clinical signs of lung injury, and represent potential targets(More)
OBJECTIVES Fluid therapy and/or acute lung injury may increase intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intrathoracic pressure, thereby increasing intracranial pressure (ICP) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Further fluid administration to support cerebral perfusion or increasing ventilatory support to treat acute lung injury further increases ICP. This can(More)
BACKGROUND Critically ill patients may require specialized care that is offered only at tertiary referral centers. As regionalization and specialization of critical care become more common, transportation of critically ill patients must be refined. Transportation of critically ill patients within a hospital, much less outside the hospital, is often deemed(More)
Objective: To evaluate trends in mortality and related factors among trauma patients who developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Study: Observational study based on data prospectively gathered in computerized trauma registry. Setting: Trauma intensive care unit (ICU) of 48 beds in level I trauma center. Patients: All trauma patients with ARDS(More)
BACKGROUND Lung injury is often studied without consideration for pathologic changes in the chest wall. In order to reduce the incidence of lung injury using preemptive mechanical ventilation, it is important to recognize the influence of altered chest wall mechanics on disease pathogenesis. In this study, we hypothesize that airway pressure release(More)
BACKGROUND Once established, the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is highly resistant to treatment and retains a high mortality. We hypothesized that preemptive application of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) in a rat model of trauma/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) would prevent ARDS. METHODS Rats were anesthetized, instrumented for(More)