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Replication protein A (RPA) is a heterotrimeric protein that has high affinity for single-stranded (ss) DNA and is involved in DNA replication, repair, and recombination in eukaryotic cells. Photoaffinity modification was employed in studying the interaction of human RPA with DNA duplexes containing various gaps, which are similar to structures arising(More)
Arylazides N-(4-azido-2,5-difluoro-3-chloropyridinyl-6)-beta-alanine (Ia) and N-(4-azido-2,5-difluoro-3-chloropyridinyl-6)-glycine (Ib) were synthesized and covalently attached to 5-(3-aminopropenyl-1)-dUTP through the amino group to give 5'-triphosphate (IIa) and 5'-triphosphate (IIb). The resulting azides were subjected to photolysis in aqueous solution.(More)
Eukaryotic flap-endonuclease (FEN-1) is 42-kD single-subunit structure-specific nuclease that cleaves 5'-flap strands of the branched DNA structure and possesses 5'-exonuclease activity. FEN-1 participates in DNA replication, repair, and recombination. The interaction of FEN-1 with DNA structures generated during replication and repair was studied using two(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the main pathway used for the repair of bulky DNA adducts such as those caused by UV light exposure and the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. The xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC)-Rad23B complex is involved in the recognition of these bulky DNA adducts and initiates the global genomic nucleotide excision repair pathway(More)
DNA polymerase lambda (Pol lambda) is a novel enzyme of the family X of DNA polymerases. Pol lambda has some properties in common with DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta). The substrate properties of Pol lambda were compared to Pol beta using DNAs mimicking short-patch (SP) and long-patch (LP) base excision repair (BER) intermediates as well as recessed template(More)
The combined action of oxidative stress and genotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons derivatives can lead to cluster-type DNA damage that includes both a modified nucleotide and a bulky lesion. As an example, we investigated the possibility of repair of an AP site located opposite a minor groove-positioned (+)-trans-BPDE-dG or a base-displaced(More)
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a reversible post-translational modification that plays an essential role in many cellular processes, including regulation of DNA repair. Cellular DNA damage response by the synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) is mediated mainly by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1). The XPC-RAD23B complex is one of the key factors of nucleotide(More)
The interaction of nucleotide excision repair factors--xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C protein in complex with human homolog of yeast Rad23 protein (XPC-HR23B), replication protein A (RPA), and xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A protein (XPA)--with 48-mer DNA duplexes imitating damaged DNA structures was investigated. All studied(More)
The interaction of xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein (XPA) and replication protein A (RPA) with damaged DNA in nucleotide excision repair (NER) was studied using model dsDNA and bubble-DNA structure with 5-{3-[6-(carboxyamido-fluoresceinyl)amidocapromoyl]allyl}-dUMP lesions in one strand and containing photoreactive 5-iodo-dUMP residues in defined(More)
We have examined the influence of centrin 2 (Cen2) on the interaction of nucleotide excision repair factors (XPC-HR23b, RPA, and XPA) with 48-mer DNA duplexes bearing the dUMP derivative 5-{3-[6-(carboxyamidofluores-ceinyl)amidocapromoyl]allyl}-2′-deoxyuridine-5′-monophosphate. The fluorescein residue linked to the nucleotide base imitates a bulky lesion of(More)