Nadejda I. Rechkunova

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The combined action of oxidative stress and genotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons derivatives can lead to cluster-type DNA damage that includes both a modified nucleotide and a bulky lesion. As an example, we investigated the possibility of repair of an AP site located opposite a minor groove-positioned (+)-trans-BPDE-dG or a base-displaced(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the main pathway used for the repair of bulky DNA adducts such as those caused by UV light exposure and the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. The xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC)-Rad23B complex is involved in the recognition of these bulky DNA adducts and initiates the global genomic nucleotide excision repair pathway(More)
The interaction of nucleotide excision repair factors-xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C protein in complex with human homolog of yeast Rad23 protein (XPC-HR23B), replication protein A (RPA), and xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A protein (XPA)—with 48-mer DNA duplexes imitating damaged DNA structures was investigated. All studied(More)
Arylazides N-(4-azido-2,5-difluoro-3-chloropyridinyl-6)-beta-alanine (Ia) and N-(4-azido-2,5-difluoro-3-chloropyridinyl-6)-glycine (Ib) were synthesized and covalently attached to 5-(3-aminopropenyl-1)-dUTP through the amino group to give 5'-triphosphate (IIa) and 5'-triphosphate (IIb). The resulting azides were subjected to photolysis in aqueous solution.(More)
The combined action of oxidative stress and genotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons derivatives can lead to cluster-type DNA damage that includes both a modified nucleotide and a bulky lesion. As an example, we investigated the possibility of repair of an AP site located opposite a minor groove-positioned (+)-trans-BPDE-dG or a base-displaced(More)
A binary system of photoaffinity reagents for selective affinity labeling of DNA polymerases has been developed. The photoreactive probe was formed in nuclear extract, using an end-labeled oligonucleotide containing a synthetic abasic site. This site was incised by apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease and then dNMPs carrying a photoreactive adduct were added(More)
The translesion synthesis (TLS) capacity of the thermostable DNA polymerases Taq, Tte and Tte-seq utilizing a synthetic abasic site, tetrahydrofuran (THF), and an 8-oxoguanine-containing DNA template was investigated. Measurements with human DNA polymerase beta were used as a "positive control". Thermostable DNA polymerases were observed to perform TLS with(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is one of the major DNA repair pathways in eukaryotic cells counteracting genetic changes caused by DNA damage. NER removes a wide set of structurally diverse lesions such as pyrimidine dimers arising upon UV irradiation and bulky chemical adducts arising upon exposure to carcinogens or chemotherapeutic drugs. NER defects(More)
In this report we show that human DNA Topoisomerase I (Top1) forms DNA-protein adducts with nicked and gapped DNA structures lacking a conventional Top1 cleavage site. The radioactively labeled crosslinking products were identified by SDS-gel electrophoresis. The chemical structure of the groups at 5' or 3' end of the nick does not have an effect on the(More)
DNA polymerase lambda (Pol lambda) is a novel enzyme of the family X of DNA polymerases. Pol lambda has some properties in common with DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta). The substrate properties of Pol lambda were compared to Pol beta using DNAs mimicking short-patch (SP) and long-patch (LP) base excision repair (BER) intermediates as well as recessed template(More)