Nadarajah Karuppiah

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Ca2+/calmodulin dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, from the bovine heart and brain, purified by monoclonal antibody chromatography were tested with respect to activation by oncomodulin. The heart and brain enzymes which have previously been shown to have slightly different electrophoretic mobilities (1), were found to also differ in the(More)
An asymmetric (top vs. bottom halves of pulvini) induction of invertase mRNA by gravistimulation was analyzed in oat shoot pulvini. Total RNA and poly(A)+ RNA, isolated from oat pulvini, and two oligonucleotide primers, corresponding to two conserved amino acid sequences (NDPNG and WECPD) found in invertase from other species, were used for the polymerase(More)
The fabrication of an optical biosensor by using stacked films where 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) was immobilized in a hybrid nafion/sol-gelsilicate film and laccase in a chitosan film for the detection of phenolic compounds wasdescribed. Quinone and/or phenoxy radical product from the enzymatic oxidation ofphenolic compounds was allowed to(More)
An optical biosensor based on glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) immobilized in a chitosan film for the determination of ammonium in water samples is described. The biosensor film was deposited on a glass slide via a spin-coating method. The ammonium was measured based on beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) oxidation in the presence of(More)
The development of an optical biosensor based on immobilization of 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) in hybrid nafion/sol-gel silicate film and tyrosinase in chitosan film for the detection of phenolic compounds has been described. Tyrosinase was immobilized in chitosan film deposited on the hybrid nafion/sol-gel silicate film containing MBTH.(More)
The fluorescent, 2'-O-anthraniloyl derivative of AMP was selectively absorbed onto DEAE-Sephadex in the presence of zirconyl chloride in citrate buffer. Under these conditions 2'-O-anthraniloyl-cAMP was eluted from the column. The selective adsorption of the AMP derivative onto DEAE-Sephadex, in the presence of zirconyl chloride, was adapted to the direct(More)
The stacked-film immobilization of 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) in hybrid nafion/sol-gel silicate film and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in chitosan, performed in order to allow the determination of phenolic compounds, was investigated via an optical method. The stacked films were deposited onto a microscope glass slide by a spin-coating(More)
Calmodulin-dependent 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) Mr 63,000 and Mr 60,000 from the brain as well as Mr approximately 59,000 species from the heart, have been compared with respect to their steady-state kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of cAMP, cGMP and their 2'-O-anthraniloyl- and 2'-O-(N-methylanthraniloyl)-derivatives.(More)
A compact add-on objective lens for the scanning electron microscope (SEM) has been designed and tested. The lens is < 35 mm high and can be fitted on to the specimen stage as an easy-to-use attachment. Initial results show that it typically improves the spatial resolution of the SEM by a factor of three. The add-on unit is based upon a permanent magnet(More)
Three different isoforms of invertases have been detected in the developing internodes of barley (Hordeum vulgare). Based on substrate specificities, the isoforms have been identified to be invertases (i6-fructosidases EC 3.2.1.26). The soluble (cytosolic) invertase isoform can be purified to apparent homogeneity by diethylaminoethyl cellulose,(More)
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