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UAP56, an ATP dependent RNA helicase that also has ATPase activity, is a DExD/H box protein that is phylogenetically grouped with the eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4A, the prototypical member of the DExD/H box family of helicases. UAP56, also known as BAT1, is an essential RNA splicing factor required for spliceosome assembly and mRNA export but its role(More)
Nur77 is an orphan nuclear receptor that belongs to the nuclear receptor 4A (NR4A) subfamily, which has been implicated in a variety of biological events, such as cell apoptosis, proliferation, inflammation, and metabolism. Activation of Nur77 has recently been shown to be beneficial for the treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The purpose of(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) but mechanisms mediating this association are unknown. While obesity is known to impair systemic blood vessel function, and predisposes to systemic vascular diseases, its effects on the pulmonary circulation are largely unknown. We hypothesized that the chronic low(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 plays critical roles in cardiovascular diseases, and its expression is markedly induced in the heart after beta-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) activation. However, the functional significance of Nur77 in β-AR signaling in the heart remains unclear. By using Northern blot, Western blot, and immunofluorescent staining assays, we(More)
A herpesvirus (RhEBV) was isolated from a lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) that became established from a malignant lymphoma in a rhesus monkey. The predominant cell marker in the LCL was that of B lymphocytes. RhEBV-induced viral capsid (VCA) and nuclear antigens (NA) in the LCL were serologically related to similar antigens known to be induced by human(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological data strongly indicate that diabetes increases the incidence of heart failure. Although the benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) treatment during and after myocardial infarction has been found to be greater in diabetics than nondiabetics and activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been(More)
gamma-L-glutaminyl-4-hydroxy-3-iodobenzene (I-GHB), a novel iodinated analog of gamma-L-glutaminyl-4-hydroxybenzene (GHB), demonstrates greater anti-tumor activity in human and in murine melanoma cell lines. These phenolic amides are substrates for gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGTP; E.C., a cell-membrane-associated ecto-enzyme which is elevated in(More)
Inflammation contributes significantly to cardiac dysfunction. Although the initial phase of inflammation is essential for repair and healing, excessive proinflammatory cytokines are detrimental to the heart. We found that adenine nucleotide translocator isoform-1 (ANT1) protein levels were significantly decreased in the inflamed heart of C57BL/6 mice(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the role of gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-mediated glutathione transport on the radiosensitivity of B16 melanoma variant cell lines. METHODS AND MATERIALS B16 melanoma variant cell lines were examined for their levels of gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGTP; E.C., a plasma membrane-associated ectoenzyme that is involved in the(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC)-induced phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) depresses the acto-myosin interaction and may be important during the progression of heart failure. Although both PKCbetaII and PKCepsilon can phosphorylate cTnI, only PKCbeta expression and activity are elevated in failing human myocardium during end-stage heart failure.(More)