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BACKGROUND Intralesional radioimmunotherapy (RAIT) may improve the management of malignant gliomas whose prognosis is, at present, very poor. Current treatment modalities (e.g., surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy) may prolong survival by a few months but cannot prevent tumor recurrence. METHODS Following one or more surgical operations, radiotherapy,(More)
Two murine monoclonal antibodies, BC-2 and BC-4, raised against tenascin and labeled with 131I were infused locally in the site of neoplastic disease by means of a removable (16 patients) or indwelling (34 patients) catheter. Fifty patients bearing a malignant glioma were treated. Twenty-six of these were suffering from recurrent disease; their tumors(More)
Predicting the survival of terminally ill cancer patients can help in informing patients and their families, in programming therapy and assistance models, and in utilising existing resources correctly. Clinical prediction of survival (CPS) and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) are two factors which have already been described in the literature. The aim of(More)
The high-grade malignant gliomas (anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastoma) have a very bad prognosis since the available methods of treatment (surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy) are unable to control the progression of the disease for long. The use of specific monoclonal antibodies labelled with a suitable isotope (iodine-131 or yttrium-90) represents(More)
BACKGROUND Infusion of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directly into a tumor or into the site of disease after surgery concentrates a high quantity of antibody and radioisotope in the neoplastic tissue. The strong irradiation delivered by this method can result in control of high grade malignant gliomas. METHODS Antitenascin MAbs BC-2 and BC-4(More)
A Phase I radioimmunotherapy trial was conducted in which radioconjugated monoclonal antibody (MAb) was directly infused into the tumor or postoperative tumoral bed in patients with high-grade malignant glioma. BC-4, a murine MAb that recognizes tenascin, was used in these studies. The MAb was labeled with 90Y, a pure beta emitter with maximum energy of(More)
Locoregional radioimmunotherapy (LR-RIT) was administered to 111 patients (20 were recruited in a phase I and 91 in a phase II study) with malignant gliomas: 1 patient with oligodendroglioma, 7 patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma, 2 with grade II astrocytoma, 10 with anaplastic astrocytoma and 91 with glioblastoma, amounting to 58 newly diagnosed and(More)
OBJECTIVES A population based case-control study was conducted in a highly agricultural area in the north east of Italy to evaluate the association between farming and animal breeding and the risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). METHODS Occupational histories and other data were collected by personal(More)
Two groups of patients with gastro-intestinal (GI) tumours (41) and recurrent glioblastoma (GBM), (17) underwent radioimmunotherapy after the failure of traditional treatments. A number of different MAbs were employed (anti-CEA and anti-Tenascin) which were labelled with I-131. The radiopharmaceuticals were administered by the intraperitoneal and(More)
Metastatic bone disease has a major impact on the morbidity and mortality of breast cancer patients, and studies on bone metastasis biology have led to the development of the most widely used drugs for bone metastases treatment: zoledronate (Zol) and denosumab (Den). The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of soluble mediators produced by(More)