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The cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are found in all biological kingdoms and genome sequencing projects continue to reveal an ever increasing number. The principle aim of this paper is to identify the complete CYPome of Aspergillus nidulans from the genome sequence version AN.3 deposited at the Broad institute, assign the appropriate CYP nomenclature and define(More)
Cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is the redox partner of P450 monooxygenases, involved in primary and secondary metabolism of eukaryotes. Two novel CPR genes, sharing 34% amino acid identity, were found in the filamentous ascomycete Cochliobolus lunatus. Fungal genomes were searched for putative CPR enzymes. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that multiple(More)
The identification and annotation of protein-coding genes is one of the primary goals of whole-genome sequencing projects, and the accuracy of predicting the primary protein products of gene expression is vital to the interpretation of the available data and the design of downstream functional applications. Nevertheless, the comprehensive annotation of(More)
A novel cytochrome P450, CYP53A15, was identified in the pathogenic filamentous ascomycete Cochliobolus lunatus. The protein, classified into the CYP53 family, was capable of para hydroxylation of benzoate. Benzoate is a key intermediate in the metabolism of aromatic compounds in fungi and yet basically toxic to the organism. To guide functional analyses,(More)
The cDNA encoding for catalytic subunit of bovine enterokinase (EK(L)), to which the sequence for Kex2 protease cleavage site was inserted, was expressed in the protease deficient filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger AB1.13. Fungal transformants were obtained in which expression of the glucoamylase fusion gene resulted in secretion of the protein into(More)
AIMS CYP53A15, from the sorghum pathogen Cochliobolus lunatus, is involved in detoxification of benzoate, a key intermediate in aromatic compound metabolism in fungi. Because this enzyme is unique to fungi, it is a promising drug target in fungal pathogens of other eukaryotes. METHODS AND RESULTS In our work, we showed high antifungal activity of seven(More)
Based on time courses of individual antioxidant compounds, bark phenolic metabolism has been recognised to integrate ascorbate–glutathione system as a redox hub in Norway spruce defence against Ceratocystis polonica infection. Temporal courses of individual phenolics, thiols and ascorbate were studied in Norway spruce phloem over a 5-month period after(More)
A large number of proteins involved in calcium and intracellular pH signaling and homeostasis have previously been discovered and characterized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Homo sapiens and Arabidopsis thaliana,but relatively few have been identified in Aspergillus species. The aim of this study was to identify proteins regulating the intracellular(More)
Among the most devastating pests of Norway spruce (Picea abies) are the European spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus) and the associated pathogenic blue-stain fungus Ceratocystis polonica. Following attack and colonization, the beetle and the fungus must cope with induced host chemical defenses, such as monoterpenes that are generally thought to be toxic to(More)
Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) catalyse diverse reactions and are key enzymes in fungal primary and secondary metabolism, and xenobiotic detoxification. CYP enzymatic properties and substrate specificity determine the reaction outcome. However, CYP-mediated reactions may also be influenced by their redox partners. Filamentous fungi with numerous CYPs often possess(More)