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Stimulation of endothelin receptors (ETRs) leads to activation of the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) cascade. It is unclear whether compartmentalization to lipid rafts is necessary for proper endothelin signaling, as methodologies employed to isolate and study caveolae involve detergent extraction, which may induce aggregation of(More)
Endothelin receptors are present on the nuclear membranes in adult cardiac ventricular myocytes. The objectives of the present study were to determine 1) which endothelin receptor subtype is in cardiac nuclear membranes, 2) if the receptor and ligand traffic from the cell surface to the nucleus, and 3) the effect of increased intracellular ET-1 on nuclear(More)
Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) increase oxidative stress, and they are proposed to hasten endothelial cell (EC) damage and dysfunction. Our objective was to elucidate the impact of chronic exposure to risk factors for CVD on senescence of EC isolated and cultured from internal mammary arterial segments of patients with severe coronary artery(More)
Age-associated telomere shortening leads to replicative senescence of human endothelial cells (EC). Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) accelerate ageing, while there is a concomitant rise in oxidative stress known to promote stress-induced senescence (SIS) in vitro. Of all risk factors for CVD, smoking is most associated with the development of(More)
Endothelial senescence may contribute to the pathogenesis of age-related vascular disorders. Furthermore, chronic exposure to risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) accelerates the effects of chronological aging by generating stress-dependent damages, including oxidative stress, therefore promoting stress-induced premature senescence. Our objective(More)
p38 MAP kinase (MAPK) isoforms alpha, beta, and gamma, are expressed in the heart. p38alpha appears pro-apoptotic whereas p38beta is pro-hypertrophic. The mechanisms mediating these divergent effects are unknown; hence elucidating the downstream signaling of p38 should further our understanding. Downstream effectors include MAPK-activated protein kinase(More)
INTRODUCTION With aging, oxidative stress accelerates vascular endothelial cell (EC) telomere shortening-induced senescence, and may promote atherosclerosis in humans. Our aim was to investigate whether an antioxidant treatment combined with telomerase (hTERT) over-expression would prevent senescence of EC isolated from patients with severe atherosclerosis.(More)
Angiogenesis is a complex phenomenon regulated by both pro- and antiangiogenic factors such as the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and inflammation may be involved in the process. Although antagonizing VEGF has been proposed as a therapeutic approach to limit corneal angiogenesis, alternative targets are needed. In this study, we demonstrate(More)
BACKGROUND Angiopoietin like-2 (angptl2), a proinflammatory protein, is overexpressed in endothelial cells (ECs) from patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Whether angptl2 contributes to atherogenesis is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that angptl2 promotes inflammation and leukocyte adhesion onto ECs, thereby accelerating atherogenesis in(More)
Several cardiovascular diseases are associated with an increase in circulating levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1). Little is known about the consequences of this increase on endothelial cell responses with respect to ET-1 production and regulation. Confluent, passage 1, cultured porcine aorta endothelial cells were exposed to exogenous ET-1 (0.1 microM) for 24(More)