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a r t i c l e i n f o Available online xxxx A Personal Learning Environment or PLE is a potentially promising pedagogical approach for both integrating formal and informal learning using social media and supporting student self-regulated learning in higher education contexts. The purpose of this paper is to (a) review research that support this claim, (b)(More)
Patricia Gilbert recently completed a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University developing a new online learning model for critical education. Her current research is on the development and administration of online learning tools. Nada Dabbagh is an Associate Professor of Instructional Technology in the Graduate School of Education at George(More)
responsible for the social development theory of learning. He proposed that social interaction profoundly influences cognitive development. Central to Vygotsky's theory is his belief that biological and cultural development do not occur in isolation (Driscoll, 1994). Vygotsky approached development differently from Piaget. Piaget believed that cognitive(More)
Significant progress can be made in the part of elementary school education that relies on intelligent tutoring systems (ITS), if the role of a referee and a peer advisor will be performed by a pedagogical agent that is a computer implementation of a cognitive architecture modeling the process of learning. Recent studies in cognitive architectures funded by(More)
Implementation of agency in a cognitive system implies that certain beliefs, values and/or goals represented in the system become, if implicitly, attributed to the self of the agent. When the cognitive system becomes explicitly aware of this attribution, it acquires a self-regulation capacity allowing it to control, modify and develop its self-concept(More)
Feedback is considered to be the bridge between what has been learned and what the student should know. Feedback can correct misconceptions, motivate learners, stimulate deep thinking, and guide future behavior. However, in the online environment instructors must rely upon technologies to deliver feedback to students. To better understand the prompts and(More)