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BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, population-based study is to present the incidence of hospital-treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Oslo, Norway, and to describe the severity of brain injuries and outcome of the patients' acute medical care. METHODS Data were obtained from hospital admission registers and medical records from May 2005 to May(More)
Outcome studies on traumatic brain injury (TBI) have shown that functional status can be predicted by demographic, injury severity, and trauma-related factors. Concurrent cognitive functions as one of the determinants of functional outcome is less documented. This study evaluated the effects of concurrent neuropsychological measures on functional outcome 1(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of olfactory dysfunction across traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity and decision-making deficits with regard to intracranial lesions' location and laterality. METHOD A 1-year prospective study including 115 participants (16-55 years) with mild, moderate, and severe TBI. The Brief Smell Identification Test was used 3(More)
There are currently no international guidelines regarding treatment in the early rehabilitation phase for persons with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and only a few studies have investigated the effect of integrating rehabilitation into acute TBI care. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a continuous chain of rehabilitation that begins with(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES To examine self-reported post-concussion symptoms from 3-12 months post-injury in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify predictors of these symptoms. METHODS AND PROCEDURES A 1-year prospective study in Eastern Norway including 115 persons (16-55 years), with mild, moderate and severe TBI. The Rivermead Post(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between disability and employment 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI) using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a conceptual model. DESIGN AND METHODS A prospective study including 93 patients with moderate-to-severe TBI (aged 16-55 year). Disability components of the(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to describe the occurrence of substance use at the time of injury and pre-injury substance abuse in patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Effects of acute substance use and pre-injury substance abuse on TBI severity were also investigated. METHODS A prospective study of 111 patients, aged(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the functional level during sub-acute rehabilitation after moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to evaluate the impact of pre-injury and injury-related factors as predictors of early recovery. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective study of 55 patients with moderate (n = 21) and severe (n = 34) TBI who received(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the trajectories of community integration in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) through one, two, and five years post-injury and to examine whether those trajectories could be predicted by demographic and injury characteristics. A longitudinal cohort study was conducted with 105 individuals with(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES To examine trajectories of employment probability and stability over the first 5 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI) by using multi-level modelling and multinomial logistic regressions. RESEARCH DESIGN A longitudinal cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES One hundred and five individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI who had been(More)