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OBJECTIVES To describe the functional outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQL) 10 years after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective, population-based study of 62 survivors of working-age with moderate-to-severe TBI injured in 1995/1996, and hospitalized at the Trauma Referral Center in Eastern(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, population-based study is to present the incidence of hospital-treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Oslo, Norway, and to describe the severity of brain injuries and outcome of the patients' acute medical care. METHODS Data were obtained from hospital admission registers and medical records from May 2005 to May(More)
Outcome studies on traumatic brain injury (TBI) have shown that functional status can be predicted by demographic, injury severity, and trauma-related factors. Concurrent cognitive functions as one of the determinants of functional outcome is less documented. This study evaluated the effects of concurrent neuropsychological measures on functional outcome 1(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE Neck pain is common in adults and often follows a chronic course accompanied by considerable functional reduction. Longstanding neck pain is often associated with problems engaging in work, emotional distress, and fear of movement. These issues add to the pain-associated disability. The neck disability index(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate longitudinal trajectories of emotional distress symptoms after traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN Longitudinal study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Patients with mild-to-severe TBI, 118 patients participated at 3 months, 109 attended at 1-year and 89 attended the 5-year follow-up. Emotional distress was measured with(More)
There are currently no international guidelines regarding treatment in the early rehabilitation phase for persons with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and only a few studies have investigated the effect of integrating rehabilitation into acute TBI care. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a continuous chain of rehabilitation that begins with(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES To examine self-reported post-concussion symptoms from 3-12 months post-injury in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify predictors of these symptoms. METHODS AND PROCEDURES A 1-year prospective study in Eastern Norway including 115 persons (16-55 years), with mild, moderate and severe TBI. The Rivermead Post(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of olfactory dysfunction across traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity and decision-making deficits with regard to intracranial lesions' location and laterality. METHOD A 1-year prospective study including 115 participants (16-55 years) with mild, moderate, and severe TBI. The Brief Smell Identification Test was used 3(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify predictors of depressive symptoms and psychological distress. DESIGN A longitudinal study with assessments at 3 months, 1 year and 5 years after injury. SUBJECTS A total of 118 individuals (29% females; mean age 32.5; range(More)