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BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, population-based study is to present the incidence of hospital-treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Oslo, Norway, and to describe the severity of brain injuries and outcome of the patients' acute medical care. METHODS Data were obtained from hospital admission registers and medical records from May 2005 to May(More)
Outcome studies on traumatic brain injury (TBI) have shown that functional status can be predicted by demographic, injury severity, and trauma-related factors. Concurrent cognitive functions as one of the determinants of functional outcome is less documented. This study evaluated the effects of concurrent neuropsychological measures on functional outcome 1(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE Neck pain is common in adults and often follows a chronic course accompanied by considerable functional reduction. Longstanding neck pain is often associated with problems engaging in work, emotional distress, and fear of movement. These issues add to the pain-associated disability. The neck disability index(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were to assess the incidence of hospital-admitted severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the adult population in Norway, and to determine whether there were differences in the epidemiological characteristics of severe TBI between rural and urban regions. METHODS A prospective population-based study on adults with severe TBI(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the functional outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQL) 10 years after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective, population-based study of 62 survivors of working-age with moderate-to-severe TBI injured in 1995/1996, and hospitalized at the Trauma Referral Center in Eastern(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate longitudinal trajectories of emotional distress symptoms after traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN Longitudinal study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Patients with mild-to-severe TBI, 118 patients participated at 3 months, 109 attended at 1-year and 89 attended the 5-year follow-up. Emotional distress was measured with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify predictors of depressive symptoms and psychological distress. DESIGN A longitudinal study with assessments at 3 months, 1 year and 5 years after injury. SUBJECTS A total of 118 individuals (29% females; mean age 32.5; range(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES To examine self-reported post-concussion symptoms from 3-12 months post-injury in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify predictors of these symptoms. METHODS AND PROCEDURES A 1-year prospective study in Eastern Norway including 115 persons (16-55 years), with mild, moderate and severe TBI. The Rivermead Post(More)
AIMS To describe health-related quality of life (HRQL) 2 years after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to assess predictors of HRQL. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective cohort study of 91 patients, aged 16-55 years, admitted with moderate-to-severe TBI to a trauma referral centre between 2005 and 2007, with follow-up at 1 and 2 years.(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES To examine trajectories of employment probability and stability over the first 5 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI) by using multi-level modelling and multinomial logistic regressions. RESEARCH DESIGN A longitudinal cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES One hundred and five individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI who had been(More)