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Cytoplasmic male sterility is a maternally inherited trait in higher plants that prevents the production of functional pollen. Ogura cytoplasmic male sterility in radish (Raphanus sativus) is regulated by the orf138 mitochondrial locus. Male fertility can be restored when orf138 accumulation is suppressed by the nuclear Rfo locus, which consists of three(More)
The function of pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins has been associated with various post-transcriptional steps of organelle gene expression. Among them, translation and its regulation are essential processes. However, in plant mitochondria, they are also the steps of gene expression that are the least understood. In this study, PPR336 was identified as(More)
The pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins represent a large family of RNA-binding proteins that have many roles in post-transcriptional RNA processes within plant organelles. Among the PPR proteins that target plant mitochondria, the restorer-of-fertility (Rf) proteins are characterized by their inhibitory action on mitochondrion-localized cytoplasmic(More)
Gene expression in plant mitochondria involves a complex collaboration of transcription initiation and termination, as well as subsequent mRNA processing to produce mature mRNAs. In this study, we describe the function of the Arabidopsis mitochondrial stability factor 1 (MTSF1) gene and show that it encodes a pentatricopeptide repeat protein essential for(More)
Mitochondrial translation involves a complex interplay of ancient bacteria-like features and host-derived functionalities. Although the basic components of the mitochondrial translation apparatus have been recognized, very few protein factors aiding in recruiting ribosomes on mitochondria-encoded messenger RNA (mRNAs) have been identified in higher plants.(More)
Mitochondria are involved in the production of various vitamins, such as biotin, in plants. It is unclear why these biosynthetic pathways have been maintained partly or entirely within the mitochondria throughout evolution. The last step in biotin biosynthesis occurs within the mitochondria and is catalyzed by the biotin synthase complex containing the BIO2(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase is the last respiratory complex of the electron transfer chain in mitochondria and is responsible for transferring electrons to oxygen, the final acceptor, in the classical respiratory pathway. The essentiality of this step makes it that depletion in complex IV leads to lethality, thereby impeding studies on complex IV assembly and(More)
We describe a new and potentially universal selection system for mitochondrial transformation based on bacterial genes, and demonstrate its feasibility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We first found that cytoplasmically synthesized Barnase, an RNase, interferes with mitochondrial gene expression when targeted to the organelle, without causing lethality when(More)
Nuclear restorers of cytoplasmic male fertility (CMS) act to suppress the male sterile phenotype by down-regulating the expression of novel CMS-specifying mitochondrial genes. One such restorer gene is Rfo, which restores fertility to the radish Ogura or ogu CMS. Rfo, like most characterized restorers, encodes a pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein, a(More)
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