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Functional properties of terminal sprouts elicited by an in vivo injection of Clostridium botulinum type A toxin were studied in endplates of the Levator auris longus muscle of the mouse poisoned from a few days to 28 days beforehand. For this purpose, morphological observations of the extent of terminal sprouts and localization of acetylcholine receptors(More)
Myotonic syndromes and periodic paralyses are rare disorders of skeletal muscle characterized mainly by muscle stiffness or episodic attacks of weakness. Familial forms are caused by mutations in genes coding for skeletal muscle voltage-gated ion channels. Exercise is known to trigger, aggravate, or relieve the symptoms. Therefore, exercise can be used as a(More)
Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis (hypoPP) is an autosomal dominant muscle disorder characterized by episodic attacks of muscle weakness associated with a decrease in blood potassium levels. Mutations in the gene encoding the skeletal muscle voltage-gated calcium channel alpha-1 subunit (CACNL1A3) account for the majority of cases. Recently, mutations in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Myotonias are inherited disorders of the skeletal muscle excitability. Nondystrophic forms are caused by mutations in genes coding for the muscle chloride or sodium channel. Myotonia is either relieved or worsened by repeated exercise and can merge into flaccid weakness during exposure to cold, according to causal mutations. We designed an easy(More)
The Q270K mutation of the skeletal muscle Na(+) channel alpha subunit (Nav1.4) causes atypical paramyotonia with a striking sensitivity to cold. Attacks of paralysis and a drop in the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) are exclusively observed at cold. To understand the pathogenic process, we studied the consequences of this mutation on channel gating(More)
1. In the present paper we review some presynaptic aspects of the mode of action of botulinal toxins (BoTxs) at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions with emphasis on studies carried out in our laboratories using electrophysiological and morphological techniques. 2. Spontaneous quantal transmitter release recorded as miniature end-plate potentials is(More)
A missense variant (R83H) of the gene (KCNE3) encoding a potassium channel-associated peptide, MinK-related peptide 2 (MiRP2), has been reported in periodic paralysis patients. In the current study, no difference in the frequency of the MiRP2-R83H variant between periodic paralysis patients and healthy individuals was found. Furthermore, there was no(More)
Rare diseases have attracted little attention in the past from physicians and researchers. The situation has recently changed for several reasons. First, patient associations have successfully advocated their cause to institutions and governments. They were able to argue that, taken together, rare diseases affect approximately 10% of the population in(More)
A study of the K conductance of the presynaptic membrane has been performed in the triangularis sterni muscle of the mouse. External currents generated in the presynaptic terminals upon invasion by action potentials have been recorded using microelectrodes inserted into the perineurium of preterminal nerve bundles. The voltage-dependent K current could be(More)