Nacira Sennoun

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PURPOSE To delineate some of the characteristics of septic vascular hypotension, to assess the most commonly cited and reported underlying mechanisms of vascular hyporesponsiveness to vasoconstrictors in sepsis, and to briefly outline current therapeutic strategies and possible future approaches. METHODS Source data were obtained from a PubMed search of(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of recombinant human activated protein C (APC) and glucocorticoids alone and in combination in non-anesthetized resuscitated septic shock induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) on (a) survival, (b) hemodynamics, and (c) vascular reactivity. The effects of treatments on major cellular pathways likely implicated were also(More)
The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 plays a crucial role during the onset of sepsis by amplifying the host immune response. The TREM-like transcript-1 (TLT-1) belongs to the TREM family, is selectively expressed on activated platelets, and is known to facilitate platelet aggregation through binding to fibrinogen. In this study, we(More)
PURPOSE To study the activation and expression of vascular (aorta and small mesenteric arteries) potassium channels during septic shock with or without modulation of the NO pathway. METHODS Septic shock was induced in rats by peritonitis. Selective inhibitors of vascular K(ATP) (PNU-37883A) or BK(Ca) [iberiotoxin (IbTX)] channels were used to demonstrate(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess hemodynamic, tissue oxygenation, and tissue perfusion changes by comparing traditional therapy (fluid resuscitation followed by vasopressor treatment) and alternative therapy (early vasopressor treatment) in a hyperkinetic and sedated model of endotoxic shock. DESIGN Prospective controlled experimental study. SETTING Animal research(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human activated Protein C (APC) is used as an adjunctive therapeutic treatment in septic shock. APC seemingly acts on coagulation-inflammation interaction but also by decreasing proinflammatory gene activity, thus inhibiting subsequent production of proinflammatory cytokines, NO and NO-induced mediators, reactive oxygen species(More)
BACKGROUND Lactic acidosis is associated with cardiovascular failure. Buffering with sodium bicarbonate is proposed in severe lactic acidosis. Bicarbonate induces carbon dioxide generation and hypocalcemia, both cardiovascular depressant factors. The authors thus investigated the cardiovascular and metabolic effects of an adapted sodium bicarbonate therapy,(More)
Recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) is one of the treatment panels for improving vascular dysfunction in septic patients. In a previous study, we reported that rhAPC treatment in rat endotoxemia improved vascular reactivity, although the mechanisms involved are still under debate. In the present study, we hypothesized that rhAPC may improve(More)
Many parameters have been associated with sepsis prognosis. In the present issue of Critical Care, Kumar and colleagues demonstrate that a preserved cardiac answer to dobutamine evaluated by radionucleotide measurements was associated with a better prognosis during septic shock. In this context, it is interesting to note that not only is the cardiac(More)