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The development of the human cerebral cortex is an orchestrated process involving the generation of neural progenitors in the periventricular germinal zones, cell proliferation characterized by symmetric and asymmetric mitoses, followed by migration of post-mitotic neurons to their final destinations in six highly ordered, functionally specialized layers.(More)
Multiple, symmetrical brain lesions affecting the bilateral thalami and cerebral white matter, which often show a concentric structure on CT and MR images, characterize acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) of childhood. We describe the imaging findings of a 2-year-old child with ANE obtained with diffusion-weighted MR imaging. We discuss the significance(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and to investigate the use of DWI in the diagnosis of brain death (BD). METHODS We prospectively evaluated 22 patients diagnosed with clinical BD (9 women, 13 men; mean age, 39.63 ± 15.1 years; age range, 9-66 years). All clinical criteria for BD(More)
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the unusual MR features of thoracic syringomyelia following TB meningitis and to discuss the neurosurgical aspect of the treatment of this rare entity. Four years after a TB meningitis episode, a 30 year-old female patient developed a progressive spastic paraparesis. MR studies revealed multiloculated syrinxes(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl coenzyme A lyase (HMG-CoA) deficiency is a rare inborn error of leucine catabolism. The disease is characterized by recurrent episodes of metabolic acidosis, hyperammonemia without ketosis, hypoglycemia, lethargy, hepatomegaly, and seizures. This study has evaluated the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance(More)
This study was conducted to describe clinical and prognostic aspects of neurological involvement in Behçet's disease (BD). Patients referred for neurological evaluation fulfilled the criteria of the International Study Group for Behçet's Disease. We analyzed disability and survival by the Kaplan-Meier method, using Kurtzke's Extended Disability Status Scale(More)
Cystic leukoencephalopathy with megalencephaly is a newly described entity with mild clinical involvement. Patients suffer from developmental problems and seizures in childhood. Progression is gradual into adulthood. Typical magnetic resonance imaging findings include subcortical cysts and diffuse leukoencephalopathy. The etiology is unknown with possibly(More)
Reports on citrullinemia usually describe the imaging findings in the adult form of the disease. However, neuroimaging findings of neonatal cases are seldom reported. We report on the diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a one-year old infant with neonatal citrullinemia during an acute episode and discuss possible underlying(More)
Rhombencephalosynapsis is a rare congenital abnormality characterised by dorsal fusion of the cerebellar hemispheres, agenesis or hypogenesis of the vermis, fusion of dentate nuclei and superior cerebellar peduncles. We describe 9 children, aged 1.5 to 6 years, with rhombencephalosynapsis. Isolated rhombencephalosynapsis was found in 2 patients,(More)