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OBJECTIVE Chitosan has been widely used as an injectable scaffold in cartilage tissue engineering due to its characteristic biocompatibility and biodegradability. In this study, chitosan was used in its hydrogel form as a scaffold for chondrocytes that act to reconstruct tissue-engineered cartilage and repair articular cartilage defects in the sheep model.(More)
In the present study, we examined the prophylaxis effect of crocin on experimental atherosclerosis and its possible mechanisms. The atherosclerosis formation was induced by hyperlipidamic diet in quails. At the 9th week, serum lipid, MDA and NO were measured, and HE staining was used to investigate the histopathological changes of aorta. Bovine aortic(More)
Modified polysaccharides have been used widely to increase physico-chemical stability of liposomes. However, the stability and pharmacokinetic studies on the polysaccharides modified anchored liposomes containing hydrophobic drugs which exist in lipid bilayer membranes were insufficient as compared with the liposomes carrying hydrophilic or ionic drugs in(More)
Antioxidants have been expected to have potential as antiatherogenic agents. Crocetin is a natural carotenoid antioxidant isolated from Gardenia jasminoids Ellis. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of Crocetin on experimental atherosclerosis in quails. The atherosclerosis model was established by feeding hyperlipidamic(More)
Alterations in the inflammatory and immune systems have been documented to occur from the earliest stages of schizophrenia, and have been associated with neurodevelopmental changes. Cognitive impairment is a core feature in the pathology of schizophrenia, and recent studies showed a significant increase in serum IL-18 in schizophrenia, and a putative role(More)
[1] To investigate the observed atmospheric response to SST variability in the North Pacific, the Maximum Covariance Analysis is performed between the monthly sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) and the 500-hPa geopotential height anomaly over the North Pacific using observations of the period 1958–1993. In addition to the strong remote ENSO impact in(More)
Crocetin, a unique carotenoid with potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities, is a major ingredient of saffron which is used as an important spice and food colorant in various parts of the world. In the present study, the effect of crocetin on insulin resistance and its related abnormalities induced by high-fructose diet were investigated in(More)
Oxidation of low-density lipoprotein plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, raising the possibility of using antioxidants as an inhibitor of atherosclerosis. However, studies with antioxidants have led to contradictory results. In the present study, we investigated the effect of crocetin, a carotenoid with potent antioxidant activity,(More)
The main objective of the study was to examine whether crocetin, a natural product from Gardenia jaminoides Ellis, has beneficial effects on the state of insulin resistance induced by dexamethasone in a rat model. Measured using the oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT), male Wistar rats treated with subcutaneous dexamethasone (0.08 mg/kg/d) for 6 weeks(More)