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The electron current density in nanoscale junctions is typically several orders of magnitude larger than the corresponding one in bulk electrodes. Consequently, the electron-electron scattering rate increases substantially in the junction. This leads to local electron heating of the underlying Fermi sea in analogy to the local ionic heating that is due to(More)
Using time-dependent current-density functional theory, we derive analytically the dynamical exchange-correlation correction to the dc conductance of nanoscale junctions. The correction pertains to the conductance calculated in the zero-frequency limit of time-dependent density functional theory within the adiabatic local-density approximation. In(More)
Establishing processing-structure-property relationships for monolayer materials is crucial for a range of applications spanning optics, catalysis, electronics and energy. Presently, for molybdenum disulfide, a promising catalyst for artificial photosynthesis, considerable debate surrounds the structure/property relationships of its various allotropes. Here(More)
We report on an infrared spectroscopy study of mobile holes in the accumulation layer of organic field-effect transistors based on rubrene single crystals. Our data indicate that both transport and infrared properties of these transistors at room temperature are governed by light quasiparticles in molecular orbital bands with the effective masses m*(More)
We report on infrared (IR) spectromicroscopy of the electronic excitations in nanometer-thick accumulation layers in field-effect transistor (FET) devices based on poly(3-hexylthiophene). IR data allows us to explore the charge injection landscape and uncovers the critical role of the gate insulator in defining relevant length scales. This work demonstrates(More)
We carry out a comprehensive theoretical and experimental study of charge injection in poly͑3-hexylthiophene͒ ͑P3HT͒ to determine the most likely scenario for metal-insulator transition in this system. We calculate the optical-absorption frequencies corresponding to a polaron and a bipolaron lattice in P3HT. We also analyze the electronic excitations for(More)
We show, using a tight-binding model and time-dependent density-functional theory, that a quasi-steady-state current can be established dynamically in a finite nanoscale junction without any inelastic effects. This is simply due to the geometrical constriction experienced by the electron wave packets as they propagate through the junction. We also show that(More)
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