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We cloned complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding aquaporin 1 (AQP1) and arginine vasotocin receptor (AVT-R) from gill and kidney tissue of the black porgy (Acanthopagrus schlegeli), respectively. Black porgy AQP1 cDNA consists of 786 base pairs (bp) and encodes a protein of 261 amino acids, and AVT-R partial cDNA consists of 606 bp. To investigate the(More)
We determined oxidative stress by measuring the expression and activity of 3 antioxidant enzymes [Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX)] in black porgy exposed to thermal (20 degrees C-->30 degrees C) and hypoosmotic (35 psu-->10 psu and 0 psu) stresses. The expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes(More)
The present study aimed to test starvation-induced oxidative stress in the cinnamon clownfish Amphiprion melanopus illuminated by light-emitting diodes (LEDs): red (peak at 630 nm), green (peak at 530 nm), and blue (peak at 450 nm) within a visible light. We investigated the oxidative stress induced by starvation for 12 days during illumination with 3 LED(More)
The caspase-3 appears to be a key protease in the apoptotic pathway. We identified caspase-3 complementary DNAs from the ovaries of the protandrous cinnamon clownfish (Amphiprion melanopus), and investigated its mRNA and proteins, and activity levels during the sex change (I, mature male; II, male at 90 days after removing of the female; and III, mature(More)
We tested the mitigating effects of melatonin injections or irradiation from green-wavelength light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on goldfish (Carassius auratus) exposed to thermal stress (high water temperature, 30 °C). The effects of the two treatments were assessed by measuring the expression and activity levels of the antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase(More)
Kisspeptins (Kiss) have been recognized as potent regulators of reproduction in teleosts, and Kiss is suggested to be a key regulator of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad axis (HPG). However, its regulatory role on reproduction in fish remains unclear. Therefore, to investigate the role of Kiss on fish reproduction, this study aimed to test differences in(More)
This study aimed to examine the role of 2 aquaporin (AQP) isoforms (AQP3, and -8) in sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in response to a hyperosmotic challenge from freshwater to seawater (SW) during the parr and smoltification (smolt) stages. AQP3 mRNA was primarily detected in the osmoregulatory organs, such as gills, while AQP8 mRNA was primarily found(More)
Selenium (Se) is an essential element that has relevant roles in growth, immunity, and the protection of cell membranes in organisms under normal conditions. The aim of this study was to test the antioxidant and immune functions of goldfish Carassius auratus after Se treatment. At the end of the experiment, levels of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRHs) play pivotal roles in the control of reproduction and gonadal maturation in teleost fish. Fish have multiple GnRH genes that encode structurally distinct peptides. We identified salmon GnRH (sGnRH), seabream GnRH (sbGnRH), and chicken GnRH-II (cGnRH-II) by cDNA cloning in cinnamon clownfish (Amphiprion melanopus)(More)
Leptin plays an important role in energy homeostasis and reproductive function in fish, especially in reproduction. Migrating fish, such as salmonoids, are affected by external environmental factors, and salinity changes are a particularly important influence on spawning migrations. The aim of this study was to test whether changes in salinity affect the(More)