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The regulation of bone remodeling by an adipocyte-derived hormone implies that bone may exert a feedback control of energy homeostasis. To test this hypothesis we looked for genes expressed in osteoblasts, encoding signaling molecules and affecting energy metabolism. We show here that mice lacking the protein tyrosine phosphatase OST-PTP are hypoglycemic(More)
Signaling by receptor activator of NF-kappaB (nuclear factor-kappaB) ligand (RANKL) is essential for differentiation of bone marrow monocyte-macrophage lineage (BMM) cells into osteoclasts. Here, we show RANKL stimulation of BMM cells transiently increased the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through a signaling cascade involving TNF(More)
TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a member of the TNF ligand family that induces angiogenesis in vivo. The TWEAK receptor (TweakR) is a recently identified member of the TNF receptor (TNFR) superfamily and is expressed on smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and endothelial cells (ECs). In this report we identify the TNF receptor-associated factor(More)
When active shortening of the cat papillary muscle was allowed at any time during a contraction, the intracellular concentration of free calcium ions, detected with the calcium-sensitive bioluminescent protein aequorin, was higher than at comparable times in isometric twitches. The difference was not attributable to the differences of length involved or to(More)
The TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF) family is a group of adapter proteins that link a wide variety of cell surface receptors. Including the TNF and IL-1 receptor superfamily to diverse signaling cascades, which lead to the activation of NF-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinases. In addition, TRAFs interact with a variety of proteins that(More)
Osteoclasts are hematopoietic lineage derived-multinucleated cells that resorb bone. Their activity in balance with that of osteoblast is essential for bone homeostasis. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is known as an essential cytokine for the osteoclastogenesis, and c-Jun signaling in cooperation with NFAT family is crucial for(More)
Cytoplasmic presence of Hsp60, which is principally a nuclear gene-encoded mitochondrial chaperonin, has frequently been stated, but its role in intracellular signaling is largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that the cytosolic Hsp60 promotes the TNF-alpha-mediated activation of the IKK/NF-kappaB survival pathway via direct interaction with(More)
Regulation of osteoclast differentiation is key to understanding the pathogenesis and to developing treatments for bone diseases such as osteoporosis. To gain insight into the mechanism of the receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-specific induction of the osteoclast differentiation program, we took a suppression-subtractive(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which causes gastroenteritis, wound infection, and septicemia, has two sets of type III secretion systems (TTSS), TTSS1 and TTSS2. A TTSS1- deficient vcrD1 mutant of V. parahaemolyticus showed an attenuated cytotoxicity against HEp-2 cells, and a significant reduction in mouse lethality, which were both restored by complementation(More)