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E-cadherin loss is a key biological mechanism in tumour invasion. As a main regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) mechanism-mediated invasion and metastasis, Twist1 plays an important role through its regulation of E-cadherin expression. However, whether or not Twist2 has the same function in tumour metastasis remains unclear. The purpose of(More)
UNLABELLED The up-regulation and nuclear relocation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulator Twist1 have been implicated in the tumor invasion and metastasis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The term vasculogenic mimicry (VM) refers to the unique capability of aggressive tumor cells to mimic the pattern of embryonic vasculogenic(More)
UNLABELLED The antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 plays multiple roles in apoptosis, immunity, and autophagy. Its expression in tumors correlates with tumor grade and malignancy. The recapitulation of the normal developmental process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to tumor cell plasticity. This process is also a characteristic of metastatic(More)
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) refers to the unique ability of highly aggressive tumor cells to mimic the pattern of embryonic vasculogenic networks. Hypoxia plays a pivotal role in the formation of VM. Hypoxia-induced Bcl-2 overexpression is observed in many types of tumors including melanoma, in which it is associated with tumorigenicity and angiogenesis.(More)
The anti-apoptosis factor Bcl-2 is known to contribute to tumorigenesis and metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may also participate in tumor invasion and metastasis. This study investigated the relationship between coexpression profiles of Bcl-2 and EMT regulators in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor samples and clinical outcome. The(More)
A Modified FKCL (MFKCL) algorithm for automatic segmentation of MR brain images is proposed in this paper This algorithm is an extension of traditional fuzzy Kohonen's competitive learning algorithm. In our method, a factor that can estimate the effect of the neighbor pixels to the central pixel is introduced into the objective function of the standard FKCL(More)
It is well considered that reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a prominent causative role in the development of allergic rhinitis (AR), and eosinophils cells as important allergic inflammatory cells contribute to elevating oxidative stress. Hydrogen, emerging as a novel antioxidant, has been proven effective in selectively reducing ROS in animals models of(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition regulator Twist1 has been implicated in tumor invasion, metastasis, and vasculogenic mimicry formation of human hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the relationship between Twist1 expression and endothelium-dependent angiogenesis is not clear. In this study, to investigate the role of Twist1 in hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
OBJECTIVE The discovery of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as pathogenic signaling molecules in airway-related diseases has led to significant insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the development of allergic rhinitis (AR). The potential crosstalk between CO and H2S signaling pathways in AR has not been adequately(More)
Melanoma is the least common but most serious form of skin cancer. The leading cause of death in melanoma patients is widespread metastasis caused by increased cell motility and a rich blood supply for tumor cells. A unique form of microcirculation called vasculogenic mimicry, which efficiently supplies blood to tumor cells, has been reported recently.(More)