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B cell activating factor (BAFF) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family. BAFF has been shown to induce survival and proliferation of lymphocytes. We characterized the gene encoding BAFF (RbBAFF) in rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus), and attempted to determine its biological functions upon immune responses. In silico analysis of RbBAFF(More)
Copper-zinc-superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) from Hippocampus abdominalis (HaCuZnSOD) is a metalloenzyme which belongs to the ubiquitous family of SODs. Here, we determined the characteristic structural features of HaCuZnSOD, analyzed its evolutionary relationships, and identified its potential immune responses and biological functions in relation to(More)
A study was conducted to confirm the genotypes of 16 lines known to be wide STAIRS of chromosome 3 of Arabidopsis. The second part of the experiment involved the QTL analysis of the wide STAIRS for twelve quantitative traits by scoring the phenotypes of STAIRS grown in a controlled environment. The major objective was to identify the regions of interest(More)
Interferons (IFNs) and IFN-inducible proteins play numerous physiological roles, particularly in antiviral defense mechanisms of the innate immune response with the presence of pathogens. IFN-induced protein-35 kDa (IFP35) is induced by Type II IFN (IFN-γ); it is a cytoplasmic protein that can be translocated to the nucleus via the stimulation of IFN. In(More)
1-cysteine peroxiredoxin (Prx6) is an antioxidant enzyme that protects cells by detoxifying multiple peroxide species. This study aimed to describe molecular features, functional assessments and potential immune responses of Prx6 identified from the big-belly seahorse, Hippocampus abdominalis (HaPrx6). The complete ORF (666 bp) of HaPrx6 encodes a(More)
Cathepsin Z (CTSZ) is lysosomal cysteine protease of the papain superfamily. It participates in the host immune defense via phagocytosis, signal transduction, cell-cell communication, proliferation, and migration of immune cells such as monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. Hence, CTSZ is also acknowledged as an acute-phase protein in host immunity.(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is involved in the regulation of cellular events by mediating signal transduction pathways. MAPK1 is a member of the extracellular-signal regulated kinases (ERKs), playing roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and development. This is mainly in response to growth factors, mitogens, and many environmental(More)
The iron-withholding strategy of innate immunity is an effective antimicrobial defense mechanism that combats microbial infection by depriving microorganisms of Fe3+, which is important for their growth and propagation. Transferrins (Tfs) are a group of iron-binding proteins that exert their antimicrobial function through Fe3+ sequestration. The current(More)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a metaloenzyme that catalyzes dismutation of the hazardous superoxide radicals into less hazardous H2O2 and H2O. Here, we identified a homolog of MnSOD from big belly seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis; HaMnSOD) and characterized its structural and functional features. HaMnSOD transcript possessed an open reading(More)
The complement system serves conventional role in the innate defense against common invading pathogens. Complement factor D (CfD) is vital to alternative complement pathway activation in cleaving complement factor B. This catalytic reaction forms the alternative C3 convertase that is crucial for complement-mediated pathogenesis. In this study, rock bream(More)
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