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The Smith diffuse variant and the wound mucoid strain of Staphylococcus aureus were shown to exhibit serologically distinct capsules. The Welwood and K-6 strains of S. aureus were tested to determine their capsular types. Both Welwood and K-6 were found to be representative of the Smith capsular type. An additional 13 isolates of S. aureus from mice were(More)
Carrier cultures of coxsackievirus type B2, strain V1-013 were established without the use of “normal” human serum or serum containing viral antibodies, and without frequent changes of medium. Blind passage of virus strain V1-013 in human fetal diploid (HFD) cell cultures on maintenance medium resulted in viral multiplication without apparent CPE. In(More)
Extracellular particles, with a density of 1.18-1.22 g/cm3 in sucrose, were detected in the culture medium of a continuous cell line (JIII) derived from a patient with monocytic leukemia. These particles contained RNA, DNA, and a DNA polymerase. They synthesized DNA with endogenous templates and primers and also used exogenous DNA but not poly(rC) oligo(dG)(More)
Fluorescent antibodies prepared against extracellular particles from a continuous culture of cells derived from a monocytic leukemia stained JIII cells but not cells infected with Rauscher leukemia virus or simian sarcoma virus. These antibodies reacted with 38% of bone marrow preparations from patients with lymphoma, 26% of preparations from patients with(More)
Lung sections from 33 infants who died suddenly and unexpectedly and were diagnosed by medical examiners as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) gave evidence of bound immunoglobulin G (IgG) when examined by direct fluorescent antibody technique. Ten tissues from appropriate control infants were negative. Specimens containing IgG exhibited no IgA or IgE, but(More)
Various alkyl-(omega-hydroxyalkyl) derivatives related to dibutylnitrosamine (DBN) were investigated for mutagenicity in the absence of liver-activation system. Butyl-(4-hydroxybutyl)-, butyl-(3-hydroxypropyl)-, and butyl-(2-hydroxyethyl)-nitrosamines were so tested and found to be mutagenic for TA 1535 strain of Salmonella typhimurium. In all cases, a(More)
There are at least two serologically distinct capsular types of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus. Until now, unequivocal evidence for encapsulation of the Smith diffuse variant was lacking. However, the data presented in this paper provide definitive details of encapsulation of the Smith strain. A marked difference in ld(50) values for the two(More)