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Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) are characterized by their unique clinical features and neuronal pathology. Although astrocytic plaques and tufts of abnormal fibers have been suggested to be specific histopathologic markers, recent studies have revealed significant clinicopathologic overlap between CBD and PSP. Based(More)
The complete genomic sequence of the archaeon Thermoplasma volcanium, possessing optimum growth temperature (OGT) of 60 degrees C, is reported. By systematically comparing this genomic sequence with the other known genomic sequences of archaea, all possessing higher OGT, a number of strong correlations have been identified between characteristics of genomic(More)
An autopsy case of a Japanese male with familial β-galactosidase and neuraminidase deficiency is reported. The clinical picture was characterized by adult onset, a gargoyle-like face, cerebellar ataxia, myoclonus, convulsions, retinal degeneration and cortical blindness. Histopathologically, most neurons seemed to have become degenerated in the whole(More)
We report the clinicopathological findings of 5 patients with an inherited prion disease with a codon 105 (Pro to Leu) mutation. All of the patients had a spastic gait disturbance and progressive dementia without either cerebellar signs, myoclonus, or periodic synchronous discharges. Autopsy of 3 patients revealed numerous amyloid plaques in the cerebral(More)
The fine structure of neurofibrillary tangles in the hippocampal gyrus, substantia nigra, pontine nuclei and locus coeruleus of the brain was postmortem studied in a case of progressive supranuclear palsy. Straight tubules and twisted tubules were observed in both the cortical and subcortical neurofibrillary tangles. Most tubules appeared separately in each(More)
Argyrophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in oligodendrocytes (AGCIs) were seen in all of 15 cases of multiple system atrophy (MSA), and none in other neurodegenerative diseases, including 9 cases of Menzel-type olivopontocerebellar atrophy and 4 cases of Joseph's disease. The inclusions were widespread, not only in the olivopontocerebellar and striatonigral(More)
Recent studies have described silver- and tau-positive glia and threads in the degenerating lesions of progressive supranuclear palsy. In this study, Gallyas-Braak silver impregnation and several immunohistochemical techniques were employed to examine the distribution of tangles, abnormal glia and threads in the cerebral cortex of nine cases of progressive(More)
Hypertrophic changes in the inferior olivary nuclei have been occasionally described in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). To elucidate the incidence of olivary hypertrophy, we investigated morphologically the olives and their associated pathways in 20 autopsied cases: 11 cases of PSP, 3 cases of Machado-Joseph disease and 6 cases of(More)
An autopsy case of Nasu-Hakola's disease (membranous lipodystrophy) is reported. A 43-year-old Japanese man, whose parents were not consanguineous, had been suffering from frequent long bone fractures since the age of 10. Neuropsychiatric symptoms, which were characterized by euphoria, disturbance of attention and dementia, appeared at his thirties and(More)
In patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), various tau-positive abnormal structures are found in the cerebral cortex as well as in the subcortical nuclei. Similar tau-positive abnormalities are also identified in cortico-basal degeneration (CBD). It is therefore questionable as to whether PSP can be neuropathologically differentiated from CBD.(More)