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Marinobacter excellens sp. nov., isolated from sediments of the Sea of Japan.
Five strains of halophilic, Gram-negative marine bacteria isolated from sediments collected from Chazhma Bay, Sea of Japan showed that the bacteria constituted a novel species of the genus Marinobacter.
Marinobacter bryozoorum sp. nov. and Marinobacter sediminum sp. nov., novel bacteria from the marine environment.
It is proposed that the strains represent two novel species that shared generic physiological and chemotaxonomic properties with Marinobacter species, but differed in their temperature range for growth, inability to grow in 20 % NaCl and at >43 degrees C, metabolic properties and fatty acid composition.
Mesonia algae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from the green alga Acrosiphonia sonderi (Kütz) Kornm.
The taxonomic position of four heterotrophic, aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile and moderately halophilic marine bacteria, isolated from the green alga Acrosiphonia sonderi (Kütz) Kornm, was
Sulfitobacter delicatus sp. nov. and Sulfitobacter dubius sp. nov., respectively from a starfish (Stellaster equestris) and sea grass (Zostera marina).
Two novel species belonging to the genus Sulfitobacter are described, which have the ability to degrade gelatin, but not casein, chitin, agar, DNA, Tween 80 or starch and are marine, Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped organisms.
Loktanella agnita sp. nov. and Loktanella rosea sp. nov., from the north-west Pacific Ocean.
One whitish and four pinkish strains of Gram-negative, non-motile, aerobic bacteria were isolated from sea-water and sediment samples collected in Chazhma Bay and analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that these strains belonged to the 'Alphaproteobacteria', having highest sequence similarity with species of the genus Loktanella.
Glaciecola mesophila sp. nov., a novel marine agar-digesting bacterium.
The novel strains shared several phenotypic and physiological properties with members of Glaciecola, but they differed in their lack of pigment production, their minimal and maximal growth temperatures and their ability to hydrolyse agar and carrageenan and in the utilization of organic compounds.
Oceanisphaera litoralis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel halophilic bacterium from marine bottom sediments.
A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed to characterize a new bacterial isolate, designated KMM 3654(T), from a marine bottom sand sample, which shared some physiological and chemotaxonomic properties with two Oceanimonas species, but differed from them in morphology, growth at 4 degrees C, urease activity, weak phenol degradation and utilization of phenylacetate.
Fatty acids as markers of food sources in a shallow-water hydrothermal ecosystem (Kraternaya Bight, Yankich Island, Kurile Islands)
Fatty acids were found in considerable amounts in the bivalve Ax~nopsida orbiculata, as well as in E pseudoquinquesernita, Psolus sp and P. hyperborea; hence it was concluded that there was a substantial bacterial input into the food of these species.