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Reduction of postoperative mortality and morbidity with epidural or spinal anaesthesia: results from overview of randomised trials
Neuraxial blockade reduces postoperative mortality and other serious complications, and the size of some of these benefits remains uncertain, and further research is required to determine whether these effects are due solely to benefits of neuraxia blockade or partly to avoidance of general anaesthesia.
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial
Smoking and Mortality - Beyond Established Causes.
This work has shown that smoking causes additional diseases that are included in official estimates of smokingattributable mortality in the United States, and these official estimates may significantly underestimate the number of deaths attributable to smoking.
Cardiovascular risk factors after antenatal exposure to betamethasone: 30-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
Effects of plain packaging, warning labels, and taxes on young people’s predicted sugar-sweetened beverage preferences: an experimental study
- Tessa Bollard, N. Maubach, N. Walker, C. Ni Mhurchu
- MedicineInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and…
- 1 September 2016
Plain packaging and warning labels significantly reduce young people’s predicted preferences for, and reported probability of purchasing, SSBs.
The use and acceptability of electronic cigarettes among New Zealand smokers.
- Pinxiao Li, C. Bullen, R. Newcombe, N. Walker, D. Walton
- Medicine, Political ScienceThe New Zealand medical journal
- 31 May 2013
Purchasing of e-cigarette in New Zealand is uncommon, but many respondents viewed e-cigarettes in a positive light and indicated willingness to use them, and ongoing monitoring on the use of and public attitudes towards this emerging product is recommended.
Effectiveness of a Binocular Video Game vs Placebo Video Game for Improving Visual Functions in Older Children, Teenagers, and Adults With Amblyopia: A Randomized Clinical Trial
The specific home-based binocular falling-blocks video game used in this clinical trial did not improve visual outcomes more than the placebo video game despite increases in fellow eye contrast during game play.
The combined effect of very low nicotine content cigarettes, used as an adjunct to usual Quitline care (nicotine replacement therapy and behavioural support), on smoking cessation: a randomized…
Addition of very low nicotine content cigarettes to standard Quitline smoking cessation support may help some smokers to become abstinent.
E-cigarettes versus NRT for smoking reduction or cessation in people with mental illness: secondary analysis of data from the ASCEND trial
- Brigid O’Brien, O. Knight-West, N. Walker, V. Parag, C. Bullen
- Medicine, PsychologyTobacco induced diseases
- 24 March 2015
For people with mental illness, e-cigarettes may be as effective and safe as patches, yet more acceptable, and associated with greater smoking reduction.
A systematic review of barriers and facilitators to participation in randomized controlled trials by Indigenous people from New Zealand, Australia, Canada and the United States
The challenges of participation in RCTs for Indigenous peoples from New Zealand, Australia, Canada and the United States and the opportunities for increasing participation are considered and effective and practical strategies for conducting and engaging Indigenous peoples with RCTS are identified.