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MINIREVIEW—PREDICTING THE EFFECTS OF BROWN ALGAL PHLOROTANNINS ON MARINE HERBIVORES IN TROPICAL AND TEMPERATE OCEANS
Phlorotannins are polyphenolic brown algal secondary metabolites that can function as herbivore deterrents, digestive inhibitors, and antibacterial agents; thus, they are putative defensive agentsExpand
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Biogeographic comparisons of marine algal polyphenolics: evidence against a latitudinal trend
SummaryMarine allelochemicals generally are present in greater quantity and diversity in tropical than in temperate regions. Marine algal polyphenolics have been reported as an apparent exception toExpand
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Potent cytotoxins produced by a microbial symbiont protect host larvae from predation
Larvae of the sessile marine invertebrate Bugula neritina (Bryozoa) are protected by an effective chemical defense. From the larvae, we isolated three bryostatin-class macrocyclic polyketides,Expand
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Epibiosis of Marine Algae and Benthic Invertebrates: Natural Products Chemistry and Other Mechanisms Inhibiting Settlement and Overgrowth
This article reviews chemical and physical mechanisms by which non-motile marine invertebrates and marine algae inhibit the fouling of their surfaces. Inhibition of primary film formation (bacterial,Expand
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Influence of marine microalgal metabolites on the feeding behavior of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis
Effects of microalgal ectocrines on the feeding behavior of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis L., collected from Delaware Bay, Lewes, USA, were studied. Unialgal cultures of six species of marineExpand
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Tropical marine herbivore assimilation of phenolic-rich plants
Phenolics in marine brown algae have been thought to follow a latitudinal gradient with high phenolic species in high latitudes and low phenolic species in low latitudes. However, tropical brownExpand
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Evidence for Metabolic Turnover of Polyphenolics in Tropical Brown Algae
Polyphenolic chemical defenses of plants have traditionally been classified as immobile or quantitative and as such are believed to have low to negligible rates of turnover. This assumption is anExpand
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EVIDENCE FOR METHYL JASMONATE‐INDUCED PHLOROTANNIN PRODUCTION IN FUCUS VESICULOSUS (PHAEOPHYCEAE)
The plant growth regulators jasmonic acid and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) have recently been identified in a variety of marine algae; however, their role in these organisms is currently unknown. Here weExpand
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Role of Chemical Inducers in Larval Metamorphosis of Queen Conch, Strombus gigas Linnaeus: Relationship to Other Marine Invertebrate Systems.
Chemical cues are important in the exogenous and endogenous control of metamorphosis in many marine invertebrate larvae. In the queen conch, Strombus gigas Linnaeus, larval metamorphosis is inducedExpand
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Marine Tannins: The Importance of a Mechanistic Framework for Predicting Ecological Roles
Since chemical ecology emerged as a field of marine science, it has been strongly influenced by studies of chemically mediated interactions in land-based systems. Marine chemical ecologists, likeExpand
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