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Microsatellite markers reveal high allelic variation in natural populations of Cryptomeria japonica near refugial areas of the last glacial period
Using 11 microsatellite markers, we investigated the allelic variation and genetic structure of Cryptomeria japonica, across most of its natural distribution. The markers displayed high levels ofExpand
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Reduction of intractable deafferentation pain due to spinal cord or peripheral lesion by high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex.
OBJECT The authors previously reported that navigation-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the precentral gyrus relieves deafferentation pain. Stimulation parameters were 10Expand
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Gaussian Mixture PDF Approximation and Fuzzy c-Means Clustering with Entropy Regularization
EM algorithm is a popular density estimation method that uses the likelihood function as the measure of fit. Fuzzy c-Means (FCM) is also a popular clustering algorithm by the distance-based objectiveExpand
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Genome Scan to Detect Genetic Structure and Adaptive Genes of Natural Populations of Cryptomeria japonica
We investigated 29 natural populations of Cryptomeria japonica using 148 cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence markers to elucidate their genetic structure and identify candidate adaptive genes ofExpand
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Genetic diversity and differentiation in populations of Japanese stone pine (Pinus pumila) in Japan.
Japanese stone pine (Pinuspumila Regel) is a dominant species characteristic of alpine zones of high mountains. Eighteen natural populations of P. pumila were studied in an effort to determine theExpand
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Low-frequency subthalamic nucleus stimulation in Parkinson's disease: a randomized clinical trial.
BACKGROUND Low-frequency, bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus can improve axial symptoms of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), but it is not particularly effective for segmentalExpand
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Linking the gaps between conservation research and conservation management of rare dipterocarps: A case study of Shorea lumutensis
To conserve a rare plant, conservation programs must be guided by the biological attributes of the species. What constitutes the most critical biological information for plant conservation has beenExpand
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Nuclear gene sequences and DNA variation of Cryptomeria japonica samples from the postglacial period.
Genomic DNA was extracted from heartwood blocks of six Cryptomeria japonica individuals that had been buried (in an area now covered by rice fields) for about 3600 years. Attempts were made toExpand
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Paternity analysis-based inference of pollen dispersal patterns, male fecundity variation, and influence of flowering tree density and general flowering magnitude in two dipterocarp species.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Knowledge of pollen dispersal patterns and variation of fecundity is essential to understanding plant evolutionary processes and to formulating strategies to conserve forestExpand
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Default mode network connectivity in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.
OBJECTIVE Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a neurological disorder characterized by gait disturbance, cognitive impairment, and incontinence. It is unclear whether theExpand
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