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The amphioxus genome and the evolution of the chordate karyotype
Lancelets (‘amphioxus’) are the modern survivors of an ancient chordate lineage, with a fossil record dating back to the Cambrian period. Here we describe the structure and gene content of the highlyExpand
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The Draft Genome of Ciona intestinalis: Insights into Chordate and Vertebrate Origins
The first chordates appear in the fossil record at the time of the Cambrian explosion, nearly 550 million years ago. The modern ascidian tadpole represents a plausible approximation to theseExpand
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Using the Acropora digitifera genome to understand coral responses to environmental change
Despite the enormous ecological and economic importance of coral reefs, the keystone organisms in their establishment, the scleractinian corals, increasingly face a range of anthropogenic challengesExpand
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Gene expression profiles of transcription factors and signaling molecules in the ascidian embryo: towards a comprehensive understanding of gene networks
Achieving a real understanding of animal development obviously requires a comprehensive rather than partial identification of the genes working in each developmental process. Recent decoding ofExpand
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Draft Assembly of the Symbiodinium minutum Nuclear Genome Reveals Dinoflagellate Gene Structure
BACKGROUND Dinoflagellates are known for their capacity to form harmful blooms (e.g., "red tides") and as symbiotic, photosynthetic partners for corals. These unicellular eukaryotes have permanentlyExpand
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A genomewide survey of developmentally relevant genes in Ciona intestinalis
In the present study, genes involved in the pathways that establish cell polarity and cascades regulating actin dynamics were identified in the completely sequenced genome of Ciona intestinalis, aExpand
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Horizontal Gene Transfer from Diverse Bacteria to an Insect Genome Enables a Tripartite Nested Mealybug Symbiosis
The smallest reported bacterial genome belongs to Tremblaya princeps, a symbiont of Planococcus citri mealybugs (PCIT). Tremblaya PCIT not only has a 139 kb genome, but possesses its own bacterialExpand
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Regulatory Blueprint for a Chordate Embryo
Ciona is an emerging model system for elucidating gene networks in development. Comprehensive in situ hybridization assays have identified 76 regulatory genes with localized expression patterns inExpand
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Ciona intestinalis Hox gene cluster: Its dispersed structure and residual colinear expression in development.
Ascidians, belonging to the subphylum Urochordata, the earliest branch from the lineage to the vertebrates, exhibit a prototypical morphogenesis of chordates in the larval development, although theyExpand
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The ascidian Mesp gene specifies heart precursor cells
Understanding the molecular basis of heart development is an important research area, because malformation of the cardiovascular system is among the most frequent inborn defects. Although recentExpand
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