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Receptor Activator of NF-κB Ligand (RANKL) Activates TAK1 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase through a Signaling Complex Containing RANK, TAB2, and TRAF6
The results suggest that the formation of the TRAF6-TAB2-TAK1 complex is involved in the RANK signaling pathway and may regulate the development and function of osteoclasts.
A mutation in At-nMat1a, which encodes a nuclear gene having high similarity to group II intron maturase, causes impaired splicing of mitochondrial NAD4 transcript and altered carbon metabolism in
It is suggested that sucrose synthase (SuSy), an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of cellulose, plays key roles in the connection between mitochondria and cellulose synthesis.
Culm strength of barley : correlation among maximum bending stress, cell wall dimensions, and cellulose content.
The fourth internode of four brittle and two nonbrittle barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) strains were used for physical and chemical studies of culm strength and cellulose content was significantly correlated with brittleness.
Comparison of enzymatic characterization and gene organization of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 8 family in humans.
Full-length cDNAs of human cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 8B (PDE8B) and PDE8B1 proteins of an entire form were produced in both cytosolic and membrane fractions of the transfected COS cells, indicating evolutionary relatedness of both genes.
Soil salinity and pH in Japanese mangrove forests and growth of cultivated mangrove plants in different soil conditions
Optimum seedling growth of Kandelia, Bruguiera and Rhizophora occurred when plants were cultivated in soils similar to those of their natural habitats, suggesting that growth of mangrove species and their zonal distributions were regulated by salinity and soil pH.
Nondestructive Measurement of Kiwifruit Ripeness Using a Laser Doppler Vibrometer
A laser Doppler vibrometer was applied to evaluate the viscoelastic properties of kiwifruit [ Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) Liang et Ferguson, cv Hayward] at various stages of ripeness. A stiffness
Non-destructive determination of the optimum eating ripeness of pears and their texture measurements using acoustical vibration techniques
Abstract We investigated the time-course changes in the elasticity index (EI) and texture index (TI) of pears (Pyrus communis L. cv. La France) during the postharvest period. EI was determined using
Culm Brittleness of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Mutants Is Caused by Smaller Number of Cellulose Molecules in Cell Wall.
The results indicate that brittleness of mutant culms is due to fewer numbers of cellulose molecules in the cell walls, similar to that of brittle mutants of barley.
Novel Membrane Protein Containing Glycerophosphodiester Phosphodiesterase Motif Is Transiently Expressed during Osteoblast Differentiation*
The results suggest that GDE3 might be a novel seven-transmembrane protein with a GP-PDE-like extracellular motif expressed during the osteoblast differentiation that dramatically accelerates the program of osteOBlast differentiation and is involved in the morphological change of cells.