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Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution
The evolution of the ratite birds has been widely attributed to vicariant speciation, driven by the Cretaceous breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana. The early isolation of Africa and MadagascarExpand
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Indo-European and Asian origins for Chilean and Pacific chickens revealed by mtDNA
European chickens were introduced into the American continents by the Spanish after their arrival in the 15th century. However, there is ongoing debate as to the presence of pre-Columbian chickensExpand
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Using ancient DNA to study the origins and dispersal of ancestral Polynesian chickens across the Pacific
Significance Ancient DNA sequences from chickens provide an opportunity to study their human-mediated dispersal across the Pacific due to the significant genetic diversity and range of archaeologicalExpand
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Coprolite deposits reveal the diet and ecology of the extinct New Zealand megaherbivore moa (Aves, Dinornithiformes)
Abstract The discovery in New Zealand of Late Holocene deposits of coprolites from extinct avian megaherbivores has provided a unique opportunity to gain a detailed insight into the ecology of theseExpand
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Limitations and recommendations for successful DNA extraction from forensic soil samples: a review.
Soil is commonly used in forensic casework to provide discriminatory power to link a suspect to a crime scene. Standard analyses examine the intrinsic properties of soils, including mineralogy,Expand
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DNA content and distribution in ancient feathers and potential to reconstruct the plumage of extinct avian taxa
Feathers are known to contain amplifiable DNA at their base (calamus) and have provided an important genetic source from museum specimens. However, feathers in subfossil deposits generally onlyExpand
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Extinction and recolonization of coastal megafauna following human arrival in New Zealand
Extinctions can dramatically reshape biological communities. As a case in point, ancient mass extinction events apparently facilitated dramatic new evolutionary radiations of surviving lineages.Expand
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Morphological, behavioural and genetic differentiation within the Horned Parakeet (Eunymphicus cornutus) and its affinities to Cyanoramphus and Prosopeia
Abstract We revise the taxonomy of the two parakeet taxa in the psittaciform genus Eunymphicus—E. cornutus cornutus (Horned Parakeet) and E. c. uvaeensis (Ouvéa Parakeet)—which are restricted to NewExpand
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Chronic exposure to schistosome eggs reduces serum cholesterol but has no effect on atherosclerotic lesion development
Previous studies have shown that people infected with schistosomiasis have lower levels of serum cholesterol than uninfected controls. To better understand the impact of this parasitic infection onExpand
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Using palaeoenvironmental DNA to reconstruct past environments: progress and prospects
Palaeoenvironmental DNA (PalEnDNA) is defined as ancient DNA (aDNA) originating from disseminated genetic material within palaeoenvironmental samples. Sources of PalEnDNA include marine and lakeExpand
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