Epidemiologic classification of human papillomavirus types associated with cervical cancer.
In addition to HPV types 16 and 18, types 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 73, and 82Should be considered carcinogenic, or high-risk, types, and types 26, 53, and 66 should be considered probably carcinogenic.
Human papillomavirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide
The presence of HPV in virtually all cervical cancers implies the highest worldwide attributable fraction so far reported for a specific cause of any major human cancer, and the rationale for HPV testing in addition to, or even instead of, cervical cytology in routine cervical screening.
The causal relation between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.
- F. X. Bosch, A. Lorincz, N. Muñoz, C. Meijer, K. Shah
- MedicineJournal of Clinical Pathology
- 1 April 2002
It is the right time for medical societies and public health regulators to consider the causal role of human papillomavirus infections in cervical cancer and to define its preventive and clinical implications.
Worldwide prevalence and genotype distribution of cervical human papillomavirus DNA in women with normal cytology: a meta-analysis.
Human papillomavirus genotype attribution in invasive cervical cancer: a retrospective cross-sectional worldwide study.
Human papillomavirus types in invasive cervical cancer worldwide: a meta-analysis
- G. Clifford, J. Smith, M. Plummer, N. Muñoz, S. Franceschi
- Biology, MedicineBritish Journal of Cancer
- 13 January 2003
A majority of ICC was associated with HPV16 or 18 in all regions, but approximately a quarter of all ICC cases were associated with one of 16 other HPV types, their distribution varying by region.
Worldwide distribution of human papillomavirus types in cytologically normal women in the International Agency for Research on Cancer HPV prevalence surveys: a pooled analysis
Human papillomavirus and oral cancer: the International Agency for Research on Cancer multicenter study.
- R. Herrero, X. Castellsagué, S. Franceschi
- Medicine, BiologyJournal of the National Cancer Institute
- 3 December 2003
HPV appears to play an etiologic role in many cancers of the oropharynx and possibly a small subgroup of cancers of The most common HPV type in genital cancers (HPV16) was also the most common in these tumors.
Chapter 1: HPV in the etiology of human cancer.
Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer: a Worldwide Perspective
The results confirm the role of genitalHPVs, which are transmitted sexually, as the central etiologic factor in cervical cancer worldwide and suggest that most genital HPVs are associated with cancer, at least occasionally.