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Oxidative stress as a mediator of life history trade-offs: mechanisms, measurements and interpretation.
The potential role of oxidative stress in mediating life-history trade-offs is critically reviewed, a framework for formulating appropriate hypotheses and guiding experimental design is presented, and potentially fruitful areas for further research are indicated.
Compensation for a bad start: grow now, pay later?
It is suggested that, although compensatory growth can bring quick benefits, it is also associated with a surprising variety of costs that are often not evident until much later in adult life.
What causes intraspecific variation in resting metabolic rate and what are its ecological consequences?
It is demonstrated that diverse factors, such as genotypes, maternal effects, early developmental conditions and personality differences contribute to variation in individual RMR, and that the fitness consequences of a given RMR may be context-dependent.
Metabolic rate, social status and life-history strategies in Atlantic salmon
The higher the SMR, the more dominant the fish, and this results indicate an indirect link between intraspecific variation in metabolic rates and life-history strategies.
Developmental plasticity and human health
A fuller understanding of patterns of human plasticity in response to early nutrition and other environmental factors will have implications for the administration of public health.
Telomere length in early life predicts lifespan
The attrition of telomeres, the ends of eukaryote chromosomes, is thought to play an important role in cell deterioration with advancing age. The observed variation in telomere length among
Modelling the proximate basis of salmonid life-history variation, with application to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L.
A model is described, based on proximate considerations, for salmonid life histories, focused on Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L, providing a framework within which one can understand how ecology relates to the physiological mechanisms leading to the developmental changes of smolt metamorphosis and maturation.
Carotenoid Modulation of Immune Function and Sexual Attractiveness in Zebra Finches
It is shown that manipulation of dietary carotenoid supply invokes parallel changes in cell-mediated immune function and sexual attractiveness in male zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata).
Oxidative stress as a life‐history constraint: the role of reactive oxygen species in shaping phenotypes from conception to death
How the need to circumvent oxidation may shape the phenotypes of organisms throughout their life and that of their offspring is considered, underpinning a diverse range of life-history trade-offs.
Does reproduction cause oxidative stress? An open question.
It is suggested here that the absence of the predicted relationships could be due to a fundamental problem in the design of all of the published empirical studies, namely a failure to manipulate reproductive effort.