• Publications
  • Influence
Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001.
  • N. McDonald
  • Medicine
  • American journal of preventive medicine
  • 1 June 2007
BACKGROUND Rising rates of overweight children have focused attention on walking and biking to school as a means to increase children's physical activity levels. Despite this attention, there hasExpand
  • 575
  • 62
  • PDF
Children’s mode choice for the school trip: the role of distance and school location in walking to school
Rising levels of childhood obesity in the United States and a 75% decline in the proportion of children walking to school in the past 30 years have focused attention on school travel. This paper usesExpand
  • 289
  • 32
  • PDF
Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. Evidence from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey.
  • N. McDonald
  • Medicine
  • American journal of preventive medicine
  • 1 April 2008
BACKGROUND Walking to school may be an important source of daily physical activity in children's lives, and government agencies are supporting programs to encourage walking to school (e.g., SafeExpand
  • 223
  • 22
  • PDF
Household interactions and children’s school travel: the effect of parental work patterns on walking and biking to school
This study evaluates how household interactions affect walking and biking to school. The cross-sectional research design uses a representative sample of trips to school by US youth (n=8231) to testExpand
  • 182
  • 21
  • PDF
Travel and the social environment: evidence from Alameda County, California
The relationship between travel and the environment has been the subject of much study but the focus has mainly been on the physical and built environment. This ignores a large body of research inExpand
  • 98
  • 17
  • PDF
Why Parents Drive Children to School: Implications for Safe Routes to School Programs
Problem: Rates of walking and bicycling to school have declined sharply in recent decades, and federal and state governments have committed funds to reverse these trends. To increase rates of walkingExpand
  • 198
  • 16
  • PDF
Are Millennials Really the “Go-Nowhere” Generation?
Problem, research strategy, and findings: News reports and academic articles contend that Millennials (those born in the last two decades of the 20th century) are different from earlier generationsExpand
  • 181
  • 12
  • PDF
Is there a gender gap in school travel? An examination of US children and adolescents
Previous research on school travel showed an inconsistent relationship between sex and the prevalence of walking or biking to school. Some studies found that males were more likely to use activeExpand
  • 76
  • 11
Children's Travel: Patterns and Influences
Childhood obesity has doubled in the last thirty years. At the same time, youth travel patterns have changed greatly. In 1969 42% of students walked or biked to school; now 13% do. These two trendsExpand
  • 52
  • 11
Influence of the social environment on children's school travel.
OBJECTIVES To analyze the association between parental perceptions of the social environment and walking and biking to school among 10-14-year-olds. METHODS Surveys were conducted with 432 parentsExpand
  • 84
  • 6
  • PDF