N. M. Straalen
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A Review of the Effects of Multiple Stressors on Aquatic Organisms and Analysis of Uncertainty Factors for Use in Risk Assessment
- E. Heugens, A. Hendriks, Tineke Dekker, N. M. Straalen, W. Admiraal
- Medicine, Biology
- Critical reviews in toxicology
- 1 January 2001
Risk assessment procedures use toxicity tests in which organisms are subjected to chemicals under otherwise constant and favorable experimental conditions. Because variable and suboptimal… Expand
Thermal time – concepts and utility
This paper (i) reviews temperature/development rate relationships in plants and poikilothermic invertebrates, (ii) argues that the relationship is often linear over much of the range up to the… Expand
Comparison of cadmium kinetics in four soil arthropod species
Soil organisms may play an important role in the transfer of metals through the ecosystem in metal-polluted environments. To evaluate this role, four representative species were compared through… Expand
Ecotoxicology becomes stress ecology.
- N. M. Straalen
- 1 September 2003
A merger between ecotoxicology and ecology may give rise to a new science at the crossroads of ecology, genomics, and bioinformatics.
Ratios between acute aquatic toxicity and effects on population growth rates in relation to toxicant mode of action
Environmental risk assessment of chemicals is mostly based on the results of standardized toxicity tests. To obtain environmental quality criteria, extrapolation factors are used that depend on the… Expand
Metal concentrations in soil and invertebrates in the vicinity of a metallurgical factory near Tula (Russia).
Summary To investigate the effects of emissions from a large metal works near Tula in the Russian Federation, we measured concentrations of iron, manganese, zinc, copper, nickel, lead and cadmium in… Expand
Adaptation to soil pollution by cadmium excretion in natural populations of Orchesella cincta (L.) (Collembola)
- L. Posthuma, R. F. Hogervorst, N. M. Straalen
- Biology, Medicine
- Archives of environmental contamination and…
Population differentiation in Orchesella cincta (L.) (Collembola) populations, from various heavy metal contaminated sites, was studied by comparing cadmium excretion efficiency in first generation… Expand
Functional ecological genomics to demonstrate general and specific responses to abiotic stress
1. Stress is a major component of natural selection in soil ecosystems. The most prominent abiotic stress factors in the field are temperature extremes (heat, cold), dehydration (drought), high… Expand
Evaluation of bioindicator systems derived from soil arthropod communities
- N. M. Straalen
- 1 September 1998
Abstract Communities of microarthropods, especially those in forest soils with a well-developed litter and humus layer, are characterized by a great diversity of species. The intricate relationships… Expand
Environmental stress and cellular response in arthropods
Contents Introduction What is Stress? Environmental Stressors Stress Effects Disturbing Cellular Homeostasis Stress Defense Systems and Their Response to Stress Scope and Purpose of this Book Basal… Expand