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Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015: a pooled analysis of 1479 population-based measurement studies with 19·1 million participants
Diabetes in Africa: epidemiology, management and healthcare challenges
- N. Levitt
- 2 June 2008
The total number of people with diabetes in the region is expected to grow because of changing demography, and a concerted multisectoral effort will be critical to ensuring improvement in healthcare delivery.
Dexamethasone in the last week of pregnancy attenuates hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor gene expression and elevates blood pressure in the adult offspring in the rat.
It is suggested that glucocorticoid excess in the last trimester of rat pregnancy is sufficient to programme offspring hypertension; also increases basal plasma CORT levels, and permanently attenuates GR and MR mRNA expression in specific hippocampal subfields.
Effect of valsartan on the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular events.
Among patients with impaired glucose tolerance and cardiovascular disease or risk factors, the use of valsartan for 5 years, along with lifestyle modification, led to a relative reduction of 14% in the incidence of diabetes but did not reduce the rate of cardiovascular events.
Guidelines for the treatment and management of new‐onset diabetes after transplantation 1
These updated 2004 guidelines, developed in consultation with the International Diabetes Federation, extend the recommendations of the previous guidelines and encompass new‐onset diabetes after kidney, liver and heart transplantation, and are hoped that adoption of these management approaches pre‐ and post‐transplant will reduce individuals’ risk of developing new‐onset diabetes after transplantation.
Effect of nateglinide on the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular events.
Among persons with impaired glucose tolerance and established cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors, assignment to nateglinide for 5 years did not reduce the incidence of diabetes or the coprimary composite cardiovascular outcomes.
Diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa: from clinical care to health policy.
The Prevalence and Identification of Risk Factors for NIDDM in Urban Africans in Cape Town, South Africa
- N. Levitt, J. Katzenellenbogen, D. Bradshaw, M. Hoffman, F. Bonnici
- MedicineDiabetes Care
- 1 April 1993
The prevalence of NIDDM in urban Africans in Cape Town, South Africa is moderately high, and considerably higher than previous reports from Africa, and has important implications in view of the large-scale urbanization occurring in southern Africa.
HIV neuropathy in South Africans: Frequency, characteristics, and risk factors
The possibility that the incidence of DSP may be reduced with avoidance of stavudine‐containing regimens in older subjects, especially with a history of prior TB infection is raised.