• Publications
  • Influence
Perceptual load as a necessary condition for selective attention.
  • N. Lavie
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human…
  • 1 June 1995
TLDR
It is concluded that physical separation is not a sufficient condition for selective perception; overloading perception is also required, which allows a compromise between early and late selection views and resolves apparent discrepancies in previous work.
Distracted and confused?: Selective attention under load
  • N. Lavie
  • Psychology
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 1 February 2005
Load theory of selective attention and cognitive control.
TLDR
2 selective attention mechanisms are suggested: a perceptual selection mechanism serving to reduce distractor perception in situations of high perceptual load that exhaust perceptual capacity in processing relevant stimuli and a cognitive control mechanism that reduces interference from perceived distractors as long as cognitive control functions are available to maintain current priorities.
Perceptual load as a major determinant of the locus of selection in visual attention
TLDR
A literature review supports the conclusion that a clear physical distinction between relevant and irrelevant information is not sufficient to prevent irrelevant processing; early selection also requires that the perceptual load of the task be sufficiently high to exceed the upper limit of available attentional resources.
The Role of Working Memory in Visual Selective Attention
TLDR
Higher memory load resulted in greater interference effects on behavioral performance from the distractor faces, plus increased face-related activity in the visual cortex, which confirms a major role for working memory in the control of visual selective attention.
On the Efficiency of Visual Selective Attention: Efficient Visual Search Leads to Inefficient Distractor Rejection
The ability to ignore irrelevant peripheral distractors was assessed as a function of the efficiency in visual search for a target at the center of a display Efficient target search, among dissimilar
Attention, Distraction, and Cognitive Control Under Load
The extent to which people can focus attention in the face of irrelevant distractions has been shown to critically depend on the level and type of information load involved in their current task. The
Neural correlates of change detection and change blindness
TLDR
Results demonstrate the importance of parietal and dorsolateral frontal activations for conscious detection of changes in properties coded in the ventral visual pathway, and suggest a key involvement of dorsal–ventral interactions in visual awareness.
Modulating irrelevant motion perception by varying attentional load in an unrelated task.
TLDR
Both functional imaging of motion-related activity in cortical area V5 and psychophysical measures of the motion aftereffect showed reduced motion processing during high load in the linguistic task, fulfilling the prediction that perception of irrelevant distractors depends on the relevant processing load.
Failures to Ignore Entirely Irrelevant Distractors
TLDR
An entirely irrelevant distractor can interfere with task performance to the same extent as a response-competing distractor and that the interfering effects of the irrelevant distractors can be eliminated with high perceptual load in the relevant task.
...
...