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Fumonisins--novel mycotoxins with cancer-promoting activity produced by Fusarium moniliforme
TLDR
This bioassay was used as a monitoring system to isolate cancer-promoting compounds from cultures of F. moniliforme MRC 826 and induced the formation of GGT+ foci in the livers of initiated as well as noninitiated rats.
Tuberculosis in buffaloes (Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park: spread of the disease to other species.
TLDR
Spread of the disease to free-ranging species (in which it has not previously been reported) that may act as maintenance hosts of the infection, is a matter of serious concern.
PREVALENCE OF BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS IN AFRICAN BUFFALO AT KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
TLDR
Monitoring of BTB in Kruger National Park is important for understanding disease transmission risks, potential population effects, and the efficacy of disease management strategies, and a stratified, two-stage cluster sampling method was used in 1998.
Toxicity and carcinogenicity of the Fusarium moniliforme metabolite, fumonisin B1, in rats.
TLDR
It is concluded that FB1 is responsible for the hepatocarcinogenic and the hepatotoxic but not all the other toxic effects of culture material of F.moniliforme MRC 826 in rats.
The epidemiology of tuberculosis in free-ranging African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park, South Africa.
TLDR
It was found that bovine tuberculosis had entered the Kruger National Park ecosystem relatively recently, and has found favourable circumstances for survival and propagation in a fully susceptible and immunologically naive buffalo population, as well as progressive within the KNP buffalo population.
Diseases of captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus) in South Africa: a 20-year retrospective survey.
TLDR
The presence in the captive RSA cheetah population of the same unusual diseases that are common in U.S. cheetahs suggests a species predilection to develop these diseases in captivity.
Blood chemical and electrolyte concentrations in the ostrich Struthio camelus.
Serum levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphorus, iron, total magnesium, total calcium, alkaline phosphatase, alanine transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase,
A comparative study of the toxicity of Fusarium verticillioides (= F. moniliforme) to horses, primates, pigs, sheep and rats.
TLDR
An isolate of Fusarium verticillioides that induced experimental leukoencephalomalacia, also caused acute toxicity when fed to pigs and administered per rumen fistula to sheep and resulted in acute congestive heart failure or hepatic cirrhosis, depending on the dose.
Zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in Africa: neglected zoonoses or minor public-health issues? The outcomes of a multi-disciplinary workshop
TLDR
Improved intersectoral and international collaboration in surveillance, diagnosis and control, and in the education of medical and veterinary personnel, are advocated.
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