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Big Mitogen-activated Kinase Regulates Multiple Members of the MEF2 Protein Family*
TLDR
It is demonstrated that, upon growth factor induction, BMK1 directly phosphorylates and activates three members of theMEF2 family of transcription factors thereby inducing MEF2-dependent gene expression. Expand
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide induces osteoclast formation in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells.
TLDR
LPS-induced osteoclast formation was abolished by anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha antibody, but not antibodies to macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand (RANKL). Expand
Astrocyte elevated gene‐1 (AEG‐1) is induced by lipopolysaccharide as toll‐like receptor 4 (TLR4) ligand and regulates TLR4 signalling
TLDR
Astrocyte elevated gene‐1 was suggested to be a L PS‐responsive gene and involved in LPS‐induced inflammatory response and the prevention of AEG‐1 expression inhibited LPS •induced tumour necrosis factor‐α and prostaglandin E2 production. Expand
Apoptotic cell death in the response of D-galactosamine-sensitized mice to lipopolysaccharide as an experimental endotoxic shock model
TLDR
It was suggested that lipopolysaccharide- induced hepatic injury and failure in D-galactosamine-sensitized mice was due to the apoptotic cell death of hepatocytes caused by tumor necrosis factor alpha released in the circulation. Expand
The vomeronasal chemosensory system as a route of neuroinvasion by herpes simplex virus.
TLDR
The results suggest that neurotropic viruses can invade the brain by infecting vomeronasal chemosensory neurons and that the restrained induction of apoptosis in the infected neurons may facilitate viral transmission to the CNS. Expand
The Inhibitory Action of Sodium Arsenite on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Nitric Oxide Production in RAW 267.4 Macrophage Cells: A Role of Raf-1 in Lipopolysaccharide Signaling1
TLDR
Results indicate that the inhibitory action of SA on NO production in LPS-stimulated macrophages might be due to abrogation of inducible NO synthase induction, and it might be closely related to inactivation of the NF-κB and Erk1/2 MAP kinase pathways through loss of Raf-1. Expand
Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and glucocorticoid on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis of thymocytes.
TLDR
It was suggested that both TNF-alpha and glucocorticoid participate and collaborate as effector molecules in LPS-induced apoptosis of thymocytes and recombinant TNF -alpha and hydrocortisone collaborated in induction of the thymocyte apoptosis in vitro. Expand
The Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus on Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Infection of Human Intestinal Cells In Vitro
TLDR
The fact that L. rhamnosus showed outstanding potential for adhering to the colon epithelial cell line, compared with other strains, suggested that an avid interaction between L. gasseri and L. casei and the host cell might be modulating intra‐cellular events responsible for the internalization of EHEC. Expand
Generation of Escherichia coli O9a Serotype, a Subtype of E. coli O9, by Transfer of the wb* Gene Cluster of Klebsiella O3 into E. colivia Recombination
TLDR
Genetic characterization of the wb* gene in a series of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella strains possessing the mannose homopolymer as the O-specific polysaccharide was carried out and suggested that E. coli serotype O9a, a subtype of E- coli O9, might have been generated by the insertion of the KleBSiella O3 w b* gene into a certain E. bacteria strain. Expand
Characterization of Biological Activities of Brucella melitensis Lipopolysaccharide
TLDR
Biological activities of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Brucella melitensis 16M were characterized in comparison with LPS from Escherichia coli O55 and B.melitensis LPS exhibited a higher anti‐complement activity than E. coli LPS. Expand
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