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The evolution of human skin coloration.
TLDR
The highest correlation between skin reflectance and UV levels was observed at 545 nm, suggesting that the main role of melanin pigmentation in humans is regulation of the effects of UV radiation on the contents of cutaneous blood vessels located in the dermis. Expand
Body mass in Cercopithecidae (Primates, Mammalia) : Estimation and scaling in extinct and extant taxa
TLDR
A comparison of Estimation Accuracy with Previous Studies and the Applications of Paleobiological Applications of the authors' Estimates shows that sex Dimorphism and Evolution of Cercopithecid Mass through Time through Time are major themes. Expand
Human skin pigmentation as an adaptation to UV radiation
TLDR
The populations exhibiting maximally depigmented skin are those inhabiting environments with the lowest annual and summer peak levels of UVB, generally low and peak only once during the year. Expand
The Evolution of Human Skin and Skin Color
TLDR
Enhancement of thermal sweating was a key innovation in human evolution that allowed maintenance of homeostasis (including constant brain temperature) during sustained physical activity in hot environments. Expand
The Natural History of the Doucs and Snub-Nosed Monkeys
TLDR
Part 1 Evolution and systematics: the evolution of the doucs and snub-nosed monkeys and the phyletic unity of the odd-nose monkeys, N.G. Jablonski classification and distribution of the extant subspecies of golden snub -nosed monkey ("Rhinopithecus roxellana"), and ecology and behaviour of the Guizhou snubs and douc langurs. Expand
Gibbon genome and the fast karyotype evolution of small apes
TLDR
The assembly and analysis of a northern white-cheeked gibbon genome is presented and the propensity for a gibbon-specific retrotransposon (LAVA) to insert into chromosome segregation genes and alter transcription by providing a premature termination site is described, suggesting a possible molecular mechanism for the genome plasticity of the gibbon lineage. Expand
Skin: A Natural History
List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Introduction 1 Skin Laid Bare 2 History 3 Sweat 4 Skin and Sun 5 Skin's Dark Secret 6 Color 7 Touch 8 Emotions, Sex, and Skin 9 Wear and Tear 10 Statements 11Expand
First fossil chimpanzee
TLDR
These fossils, from the Kapthurin Formation, Kenya, show that representatives of Pan were present in the East African Rift Valley during the Middle Pleistocene, where they were contemporary with an extinct species of Homo. Expand
Youth violence: What we know and what we need to know.
TLDR
It is argued that the prevention of youth violence should be a national priority, based on the evidence on some major risk factors and protective factors for youth violence and the implications of the current evidence. Expand
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