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Effects of Insecticides on Movement, Nictation, and Infectivity of Steinernema carpocapsae.
Nictating EnJ or DeJ, regardless of chemical treatment, killed host insects faster than did non-nictating juveniles, and insecticides that enhance nictating behavior at certain concentrations may be used for mixed applications with nematodes.
Biological control of soil pests by mixed application of entomopathogenic and fungivorous nematodes.
In greenhouse experiments, massive application of the fungivorous nematode, Aphelenchus avenae, in summer at 26-33 C or in autumn at 18-23 C suppressed pre-emergence damping-off of cucumber seedlings due to Rhizoctonia solani AG-4 by 67% or 87%, respectively.
Steinernema feltiae (DD-136) and S. glaseri: Persistence in Soil and Bark Compost and Their Influence on Native Nematodes.
Soon after the addition of steinernematids to soil, the population of native nematodes showed a fluctuation with an increase in rhabditids and a decrease in other kinds of nematode.
Bombyx mori Ras proteins BmRas1, BmRas2 and BmRas3 are neither farnesylated nor palmitoylated but are geranylgeranylated
It was revealed that the three B. mori Ras proteins are neither farnesylated nor palmitoylated but are geranylgeranylated for localization to the plasma membrane of insect cells, so the mechanism of membrane binding of insect Ras proteins is quite different from that reported for mammalian Ras proteins.
Effects of application of certain herbicides on soil nematodes and aquatic invertebrates in rice paddy fields in Japan
Invertebrates in the flood water were not adversely affected in Pa plots, but other herbicides brought about a ripid decrease in arthropods, however, water fleas (excluding copepods) were restored to their usual population levels within a month.